Kazuhiko Cho

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Intractable aspiration is a life-threatening medical problem. Sixteen patients with intractable aspiration underwent surgical management. Their underlying diseases were cerebral palsy (n = 6), degenerative diseases (n = 5), acquired hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (n = 4), and congenital myopathy (n = 1). Laryngotracheal separation was performed in nine(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of ramelteon for severely disabled children and young adults who had already been treated for sleep disturbance with melatonin at a dose of 3 mg. METHODS Eleven patients, who were aged between 3-25 years and included 4 patients with cerebral palsy, -took 3-8 mg of ramelteon at(More)
Tizanidine is a centrally acting alpha-2 adrenoreceptor agonist widely used in the treatment of spasticity in patients with cerebral or spinal injury, and it is causing drawsiness in some of them. Based on these drug actions, we administered tizanidine to 21 spastic quadriplegic children with severe sleep disturbance not improved by conventional therapies.(More)
A 14-year-old boy born at 39 gestational weeks with the birth weight of 3,250 g, had severe mental retardation and spastic quadriplegia of unknown etiology from early childhood. At 7 years of age, disturbance of night sleep appeared with several awakenings. Combined treatment with melatonin (MLT; 0.04 mg/kg) and flunitrazepam (FNZ; 0.025 mg/kg) was more(More)
Since 1999, we have been trying to establish a reliable method for evaluating social functioning ability (SFA) of physically handicapped children, in cooperation with the Project of Comprehensive Study of Disability, Social Health, and Welfare supported by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, Japan. In this study, we investigated the reliability and(More)
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