The effects of transient global ischemia using bilateral carotid artery occlusion on regional cytokine levels in gerbil brain were investigated using enzyme-linked immunoassay techniques. Brain concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were increased during the early recirculation… (More)
Accumulation of L-kynurenine and quinolinic acid (QUIN) in the brain occurs after either ischemic brain injury or after systemic administration of pokeweed mitogen. Although conversion of L-[13C6]tryptophan to [13C6]-QUIN has not been demonstrated in brain either from normal gerbils or from gerbils given pokeweed mitogen, direct conversion in brain tissue… (More)
We examined alterations in the cyclic AMP generating system and G protein subunits in gerbil hippocampus following 10 min of transient ischemia. In hippocampal slices, basal and isoproterenol- and forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulations were markedly increased at 6 and 24 h after ischemia. Interestingly, both the inhibition of forskolin-stimulated… (More)
Reproductive success depends on a robust and appropriately timed preovulatory luteinizing hormone (LH) surge, which is induced by the activation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons in response to positive feedback from increasing estrogen levels. Here we document an increase in postsynaptic GluR2-lacking Ca2+ -permeable AMPA-type glutamate… (More)
We describe a fatal case of mumps virus-associated acute encephalopathy. In terms of the clinical course and cytokine as well as chemokine profiles, the pathogenesis in our case was different from that of mumps meningoencephalitis but was similar to that of influenza virus-associated acute encephalopathy.
1. Chitin is known to promote skin wound healing. In this study, chitin, prepared from Zuwai crab shell, was used as a bridge between the proximal and distal stumps of cut hypoglossal nerves in shrews. We compared the effects of chitin on the regeneration of transected right hypoglossal nerve axons, with those of porcine dermis, bovine dermal aterocollagen,… (More)
We applied in vivo microdialysis to assess the effects of dopaminergic and beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation on cyclic AMP efflux in rat striatum under chloral hydrate anesthesia. Dopamine (up to 1 mM) infused for 20 min through the probe did not increase cyclic AMP, whereas both the selective dopamine D1 agonist SKF 38393 and D2 antagonist sulpiride… (More)