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One-hundred twelve hyperplastic polyps were analyzed. The aim was to study their malignant transformation. Among them, four hyperplastic polyps harbored adenocarcinoma; two were from our own institution (1.8%). The majority were pedunculated and located in the antrum with an average of 14.5 mm in diameter. The four polyps bore well-differentiated(More)
There is no reliable biomarker for predicting the prognosis of patients who undergo radical cystectomy for bladder cancer. Recent studies have shown that the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) could function as a useful prognostic factor in several types of malignancies. This study aimed to assess the usefulness of NLR in bladder cancer. A total of 74(More)
INTRODUCTION The objective of the present study was to evaluate the safety of retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy (RN) in obese Japanese patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 190 consecutive RN procedures performed from May 2002 to May 2006. We divided patients into an obese group (BMI >or=25, n = 54) and a normal group (BMI <24.9, n =(More)
In the colon of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, apoptotic bodies have been recognized in routine histopathological preparations. To investigate the extent of the apoptosis, colonic biopsies were examined from involved and uninvolved areas of untreated active UC and from normal areas in patients with colonic polyps, utilizing various markers of apoptosis.(More)
The authors present two cases of primary synovial sarcoma of the kidney. Both patients had a tumor mass in the kidney with vascular invasion of the inferior vena cava and right atrium of the heart in case no. 1. In case no. 2 retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis and multiple metastases to both lungs were observed. Radical nephrectomies were performed in(More)
We reported previously that 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/ computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) had potential for evaluating early response to treatment by tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This time we investigated the relation of the early assessment by FDG PET/CT to long-term prognosis with(More)
The magnified endoscopic appearances of the rectum are described in 12 patients with Crohn's disease with apparent rectal sparing on sigmoidoscopy. Five of them had minor abnormalities on colonoscopy but the remaining seven had a normal rectum. After the application of 0.2% methylene blue, examination using a magnifying endoscope (Olympus CF-HM) revealed(More)
Background: In this era of molecular targeting therapy when various systematic treatments can be selected, prognostic biomarkers are required for the purpose of risk-directed therapy selection. Numerous reports of various malignancies have revealed that 18-Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (F-FDG) accumulation, as evaluated by positron emission tomography, can be(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by the loss of epithelium and inflammation of lamina propria. In normal colon, epithelial cells are eliminated by apoptosis at the luminal surface. The apoptotic cells recognized by their typical morphology and the presence of DNA breaks are also accompanied by Fas and Fas-ligand. It is thought when Fas-ligand bound(More)