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OBJECTIVES To determine the clinical features of a novel heart syndrome with transient left ventricular (LV) apical ballooning, but without coronary artery stenosis, that mimics acute myocardial infarction, we performed a multicenter retrospective enrollment study. BACKGROUND Only several case presentations have been reported with regard to this syndrome.(More)
BACKGROUND Systolic reserve is an important compensatory mechanism against increasing afterload. Although longitudinal systolic dysfunction with preserved ejection fraction has been reported in hypertensive hearts, radial and circumferential function has not been fully examined. The aim of this study was to investigate three-directional systolic function(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Progressive cardiovascular calcification in dialysis patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a serious complication; however, the precise mechanism remains uncertain. We tested whether metabolic calcium abnormalities and hypoparathyroidism might have a correlation with cardiovascular complications in ESRD patients. METHODS A series(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of glucose abnormalities on outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remain unclear. We examined the association between glucose abnormalities and in-hospital outcome in patients undergoing PCI for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 849 patients with AMI who were admitted within 12 h(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by vasoconstriction and vascular remodeling of the pulmonary artery (PA). Recently, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and inappropriate adaptation through the unfolded protein response (UPR) have been disclosed in various types of diseases. Here we examined whether ER stress is involved in the(More)
BACKGROUND Whether an intervendor discordance of myocardial velocities determined by tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) can be generalized remains unclear. We compared intervendor variabilities of left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) myocardial velocities among three TDE systems. METHODS Examinations with TDE were performed in 41 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2DS) enables quantitative measurement of left ventricular strain. However, application of 2DS for measurement of circumferential carotid arterial strain (CAS) is not fully elucidated. We investigated the feasibility and reproducibility of measuring CAS by 2DS and determinants of CAS in healthy subjects.(More)
BACKGROUND Preinfarction angina improves survival after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in nonelderly but not elderly patients in the thrombolytic era. However, it remains unclear whether preinfarction angina has a beneficial effect on clinical outcome in elderly patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS The study(More)
BACKGROUND Visceral injury is a life-threatening complication of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR); however, the clinical significance has been masked by the lethal outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). OBJECTIVE The objective is to share our experience of successful treatment of OHCA patients with serious, CPR-related visceral(More)
Although heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) can be a marker of sarcolemmal injury due to acute myocardial ischemia, the diagnostic or prognostic value is not established in patients with acute chest pain. This multicenter prospective study aimed to determine the diagnostic and prognostic values of H-FABP in 133 patients presenting to an(More)