Kazuei Igarashi

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The induction of phase II detoxifying enzymes is an important defense mechanism against intake of xenobiotics. While this group of enzymes is believed to be under the transcriptional control of antioxidant response elements (AREs), this contention is experimentally unconfirmed. Since the ARE resembles the binding sequence of erythroid transcription factor(More)
Transcription factor Nrf2 is essential for the antioxidant responsive element (ARE)-mediated induction of phase II detoxifying and oxidative stress enzyme genes. Detailed analysis of differential Nrf2 activity displayed in transfected cell lines ultimately led to the identification of a new protein, which we named Keap1, that suppresses Nrf2 transcriptional(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the new category of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) recently proposed by the Expert Committee of the American Diabetes Association is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Death certificates and residence transfer documents from the cohort population consisting of participants of the diabetes(More)
There are complex interactions between spermine, protons, and ifenprodil at N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. Spermine stimulation may involve relief of proton inhibition, whereas ifenprodil inhibition may involve an increase in proton inhibition. We studied mutations at acidic residues in the NR1 subunit using voltage-clamp recording of NR1/NR2B receptors(More)
A large number of structurally diverse compounds act as open-channel blockers of NMDA receptors. They may share discrete or overlapping binding sites within the channel. In this study, the effects of mutations in and around the membrane-spanning and pore-forming regions of NMDA receptor subunits were studied with three blockers, MK-801, memantine, and(More)
To estimate the polyamine distribution in bovine lymphocytes and rat liver, the binding constants (K) for DNA, RNA, phospholipid, and ATP were determined under the conditions of 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 2 mM Mg2+, and 150 mM K+. The binding constants of spermine for calf thymus DNA, Escherichia coli 16 S rRNA, phospholipid in rat liver microsomes and ATP(More)
Polyamines (putrescine, spermidine and spermine) are essential for normal cell growth. The polyamine levels in cells are regulated by biosynthesis, degradation, and transport. Polyamines can modulate the functions of DNA, nucleotide triphosphates, proteins, and especially RNA because most polyamines exist in a polyamine-RNA complex in cells. Thus, the major(More)
In recent years the functions of polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) have been studied at the molecular level. Polyamines can modulate the functions of RNA, DNA, nucleotide triphosphates, proteins, and other acidic substances. A major part of the cellular functions of polyamines can be explained through a structural change of RNA which occurs(More)
Heme controls expression of genes involved in the synthesis of globins and heme. The mammalian transcription factor Bach1 functions as a repressor of the Maf recognition element (MARE) by forming antagonizing hetero-oligomers with the small Maf family proteins. We show here that heme binds specifically to Bach1 and regulates its DNA-binding activity.(More)
A hallmark feature of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors is their voltage-dependent block by extracellular Mg2+. The structural basis for Mg2+ block is not fully understood. Although asparagine residues in the pore-forming M2 regions of NR1 and NR2 subunits influence Mg2+ block, it has been speculated that additional residues are likely to be involved.(More)