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Currently available laboratory procedures might provide additional information to psychiatric diagnostic systems for more valid classifications of mental disorders. To identify the correlative pattern of gray matter distribution that best discriminates schizophrenia patients from healthy subjects, we applied discriminant function analysis techniques using(More)
We used magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the prevalence and length of the adhesio interthalamica (AI) in 72 schizophrenia patients, 47 schizotypal disorder patients, and 81 healthy controls. The AI was more often absent and shorter in both disorders than in controls, possibly reflecting common neurodevelopmental abnormalities in the schizophrenia(More)
We investigated anterior cingulate gyrus (ACG) volume in 40 patients with schizophrenia (20 males, 20 females) and 40 age-and sex-matched normal controls using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Volumes of the whole brain and both the gray and white matter of the ACG were measured on consecutive coronal 1-mm slices. There was no significant(More)
BACKGROUND Morphologic changes of cortico-limbic regions have been reported in bipolar disorder, but it remains unclear whether midline brain abnormalities relevant to cortico-limbic connectivity are also present. METHODS We used magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the size of the adhesio interthalamica (AI) and cavum septi pellucidi (CSP), as well(More)
BACKGROUND Although structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have repeatedly demonstrated regional brain structural abnormalities in patients with schizophrenia, relatively few MRI-based studies have attempted to distinguish between patients with first-episode schizophrenia and healthy controls. METHOD Three-dimensional MR images were acquired(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging was used to evaluate the prevalence of the cavum septi pellucidi (CSP) in 154 schizophrenia patients, 47 schizotypal disorder patients, and 163 healthy controls. We also explored the relation of a large CSP (> or =6 mm) with medial temporal lobe structures. No significant difference was found in the prevalence of the CSP (76.0% of(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to use a voxel-based magnetic resonance imaging method to investigate the neuroanatomical characteristics in subjects at high risk of developing psychosis compared with those of healthy controls and first-episode schizophrenia patients. METHODS This study included 14 subjects with at-risk mental state (ARMS), 34(More)
Lack of normal structural asymmetry of the anterior cingulate gyrus (ACG) in patients with schizophrenia has been reported in our previous study. However, to our knowledge, no morphological studies of the brain have examined changes in ACG volume in patients with schizotypal features. We investigated the volume of the gray matter and the white matter of the(More)
While longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have demonstrated progressive gray matter reduction of the superior temporal gyrus (STG) during the early phases of schizophrenia, it remains largely unknown whether other temporal lobe structures also exhibit similar progressive changes and whether these changes, if present, are specific to(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior cingulate gyrus abnormalities have been suggested to be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia; however, little is known about morphologic changes in the perigenual cingulate gyrus in schizophrenia patients. METHODS We investigated perigenual cingulate gyrus volume in 40 schizophrenia patients (20 men, 20 women) and 40 age-(More)