Kazue Hisaoka-Nakashima

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Although brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is localized in primary sensory neurons and has crucial roles in nociceptive transduction, the mechanisms involved in regulation of BDNF exon-specific mRNA expression in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons have yet to be determined. Rat primary cultures of DRG neurons were stimulated with(More)
Recently, we demonstrated that several antidepressants including amitriptyline increased fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) mRNA expression slowly over 24 h through de novo protein synthesis in rat primary cultured astrocytes. This study defined the signaling cascade that mediates amitriptyline-induced FGF2 production in rat primary cultured astrocytes.(More)
While the pro-neurogenic actions of antidepressants in the adult hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) are thought to be one of the mechanisms through which antidepressants exert their therapeutic actions, antidepressants do not increase proliferation of neural precursor cells derived from the adult DG. Because previous studies showed that antidepressants increase(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Intercellular communication via gap junctions, comprised of connexin (Cx) proteins, allow for communication between astrocytes, which in turn is crucial for maintaining CNS homeostasis. The expression of Cx43 is decreased in post-mortem brains from patients with major depression. A potentially novel mechanism of tricyclic(More)
To clarify a role of substance P (SP) in an endogenous pain control mechanism involving the rat striatum, striatal SP release was measured over time by microdialysis following intraplantar injection of 0.4% formalin. A slow-onset but significant increase of SP and neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R) internalization in the contralateral striatum were observed(More)
Rat primary cultures of spinal microglia were stimulated by UTP, a known P2Y2/4 receptor agonist, which resulted in the production and release of the C-C chemokine CCL2 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1; MCP-1) measured by real-time PCR and ELISA, respectively. In an in vitro preparation of rat spinal microglia, with regard to the P2Y subtypes, the(More)
Recently, multiple neurotrophic/growth factors have been proposed to play an important role in the therapeutic action of antidepressants. In this study, we prepared astrocyte- and neuron-enriched cultures from the neonatal rat cortex, and examined the changes in neurotrophic/growth factor expression by antidepressant treatment using real-time PCR. Treatment(More)
Connexin36 (Cx36), a component of neuronal gap junctions, is crucial for interneuronal communication and regulation. Gap junction dysfunction underlies neurological disorders, including chronic pain. Following a peripheral nerve injury, Cx36 expression in the ipsilateral spinal dorsal horn was markedly decreased over time, which paralleled the time course(More)
Although the clearance of glutamate from the synapse under physiological conditions is performed by astrocytic glutamate transporters, their expression might be diminished under pathological conditions. Microglia glutamate transporters, however, might serve as a back-up system when astrocytic glutamate uptake is impaired, and could have a prominent(More)
A significant role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been previously implicated in the therapeutic effect of antidepressants. To ascertain the contribution of specific cell types in the brain that produce BDNF following antidepressant treatment, the effects of the tricyclic antidepressant amitriptyline on rat primary neuronal, astrocytic and(More)