Kazuaki Yamasaki

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Effects of Vietnamese ginseng (VG) crude saponin and majonoside-R2, a major saponin constituent, on the psychological stress- and foot shock stress-induced antinociception in the tail pinch test were examined in mice. VG crude saponin (6.2, 12.5, and 25 mg/kg, P.O.) attenuated psychological stress- but not foot shock stress-induced antinociceptive response,(More)
The effect of GABA agonists on vagal efferent activity was studied in anesthetized rats. PCPGABA, a GABAB agonist (4 and 8 mg/kg, s.c.), markedly activated the neural efferent discharge of the vagus. Muscimol, a GABAA agonist (0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg, i.v.), also facilitated vagal activity. Both agonists caused significant gastric acid hyperacidity. Bicuculline(More)
The effects of Vietnamese ginseng (VG) and its major constituent majonoside-R2 on pentobarbital-induced sleep and gastric lesion in psychologically stressed mice were examined. Psychological stress exposure for 30 min significantly decreased the duration of pentobarbital (50 mg/kg, IP)-induced sleep in mice. VG extract (50 mg/kg, PO), VG saponin (25 mg/kg,(More)
Majonoside-R2 (MR2) is a major ocotillol-type saponin constituent of Vietnamese ginseng. We investigated the effect of MR2 on the social isolation stress-induced decrease in pentobarbital sleep in mice, and elucidated the possible involvement of neurosteroidal sites of the GABA(A) receptor complex in the pharmacological activity of MR2. MR2 (3.1-6.2 mg/kg,(More)
The effects of majonoside-R2 on antinociceptive responses caused by the mu-opioid receptor agonist morphine and the selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist U-50, 488H were examined by the tail-pinch test in mice. Intraperitoneal (IP) or intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of majonoside-R2 (3.1-6.2 mg/kg, IP or 5-10 micrograms/mouse, ICV) and diazepam(More)
AIMS Inflammation and possibly hypoxia largely affect glucose utilization in atherosclerotic arteries, which could alter many metabolic systems. However, metabolic changes in atherosclerotic plaques remain unknown. The present study aims to identify changes in metabolic systems relative to glucose uptake and hypoxia in rabbit atherosclerotic arteries and(More)
We investigated the in vivo effects of Vietnamese ginseng saponin (VG saponin) and its major component majonoside-R2 (MR2) on psychological stress-induced enhancement of lipid peroxidation in the mouse brain. Psychological stress exposure using a communication box system for 4 h significantly increased the content of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance(More)
The effect of majonoside-R2 on morphine- and U-50,488H-induced antinociception was examined by the tail-pinch test in mice and compared with that of diazepam. Majonoside-R2 and diazepam inhibited the morphine- and U-50,488H-induced antinociception, and the actions were antagonized by the benzodiazepine receptor antagonist flumazenil and the GABA-gated CI-(More)
Majonoside-R2 (MR2) is a major constituent of Vietnamese ginseng (Panax vietnamensis, Ha et Grushv. Araliaceae) that is known to exhibit antagonistic activity against opioid-induced antinociception. In this study, we investigated the effect of MR2 on the antinociception caused in mice by the alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine, and elucidated the role of(More)
We investigated the effects of Vietnamese ginseng (VG) extract, VG saponin and the VG major saponin constituent majonoside-R2 on opioid receptor agonist-induced antinociception using the tail-pinch and hot-plate tests in mice and on conditioned fear stress-induced antinociception using the tail-flick test in rats. VG extract (50-100 mg/kg, p.o.), VG saponin(More)