Kazuaki Takahashi

Learn More
Zoonosis has been suggested for hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection, but so far is based only on indirect evidence. We experienced a series of cases of HEV infection among people who had eaten uncooked deer meat 6-7 weeks before. On testing, a left over portion of the deer meat, kept frozen to eat in the future, was positive for HEV RNA, whose nucleotide(More)
Dopamine (DA)-producing neurons in the ventral midbrain are generated from a specified neuronal lineage and form selective axonal pathways that mediate multiple CNS functions. Expression of the gene encoding tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), which is a key enzyme of catecholamine biosynthesis, is regulated during the development of midbrain DA neurons. In the(More)
Zoonosis has been implicated in hepatitis E virus (HEV) transmission. We examined wild boar living in a forest of Hyogo prefecture, Japan, and found HEV RNA in three of seven boars. A full-genome HEV isolate from one of them was revealed to be 99.7% identical to a previous isolate from a wild deer hunted in the same forest and to those from four patients(More)
1Center for Manufacturing Research, Tennessee Technological University (TTU), Cookeville, TN 38505, USA 2Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Tennessee Technological University (TTU), Cookeville, TN 38505, USA 3Panasonic Princeton Laboratory (PPRL), Panasonic R&D Company of America, 2 Research Way, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA 4Network Development(More)
In Japan, indigenous acute hepatitis E is not a rare disease, and is mainly caused by hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotypes 3 and 4. Whether there is a difference in clinical features between the two genotypes remains unclear. This study compares the clinical features of patients infected with the two. From January, 1994, to December, 2003, 9 infected with HEV(More)
BACKGROUND In industrialized countries, sporadic cases of hepatitis E have been reported in individuals who have never been in an endemic area. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection commonly occurs via the fecal-oral route but a potential risk of transfusion transmission route has been suggested. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A 67-year-old Japanese male patient(More)
BACKGROUND Five cases of transfusion transmission of hepatitis E virus (HEV) have been reported so far. The infection routes of the causative donors remain unclear, however. Also, the progress of virus markers in the entire course of HEV infection has not been well documented. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Nucleic acid testing was performed by real-time(More)
There is no report on the fine structure of three types of olfactory organs in Xenopus laevis. Their functional assignments in olfaction are not yet established. The fine structure of three types of olfactory organs, olfactory epithelium (OE), vomeronasal organ (VNO), and middle chamber epithelium (MCE), was examined in Xenopus laevis by light and electron(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV), a single-strand RNA virus, has been recovered not only from human beings but also from various species of animals. Here we report our results suggesting that mongoose should be added to the list of reservoir animals of HEV. Of 100 mongooses we examined in Okinawa, Japan, 21 were thought to be positive for anti-HEV antibodies, among(More)