Kazuaki Muramatsu

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A novel bioabsorbable bone substitute composed of a beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) and a carboxymethyl-chitin (CM-chitin) sodium has been developed. Rabbit tibia defects (4 mm in diameter) were repaired after 4 weeks more effectively by the composite compared with a sham-operation group. To further investigate the biological safety of the components,(More)
The efficacy of a composite of beta-tricalcium phosphate particles and carboxymethyl-chitin (beta-TCP/CM-chitin) for bone repair has already been established in animal experiments. In the present study, subacute systemic toxicity was evaluated to further assess the biological safety of the implanted composite. beta-TCP/CM-chitin (approximately 4 mg/kg and 7(More)
Fibrin deposition and platelet adhesion onto alkali- and heat-treated titanium metal (AH-Ti), alkali- and water-treated titanium metal (Wa-Ti), and alkali- and heat-treated titanium metal formed with apatite (Ap-Ti) in simulated body fluid (SBF) were evaluated by exposure to anticoagulated blood or washed platelet suspension (WPS) under static conditions(More)
Phospholipase A2 enzymes have long been implicated in the promotion of inflammation by mobilizing pro-inflammatory lipid mediators, yet recent evidence suggests that they also contribute to anti-inflammatory or pro-resolving programs. Group IID-secreted phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IID) is abundantly expressed in dendritic cells in lymphoid tissues and resolves(More)
Mutations in patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 1 (PNPLA1) cause autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis, but the mechanism involved remains unclear. Here we show that PNPLA1, an enzyme expressed in differentiated keratinocytes, plays a crucial role in the biosynthesis of ω-O-acylceramide, a lipid component essential for skin barrier. Global or(More)
Epidermal lipids are important for skin homeostasis. However, the entire picture of the roles of lipids, particularly nonceramide lipid species, in epidermal biology still remains obscure. Here, we report that PLA2G2F, a functionally orphan-secreted phospholipase A2 expressed in the suprabasal epidermis, regulates skin homeostasis and hyperplasic disorders.(More)
The blood-contacting surface, mainly composed of polycarbonate, of the Gyro C1E3 pump was modified using plasma glow discharge to introduce a carboxyl functional group, coated with a base layer of polyethyleneimine as a linker, and coupled with heparin by multi-ionic binding to enhance blood compatibility. A relative surface content of 3.7% sulfur, which(More)
A novel hyaluronan (HA) derivative, poly(L-glutamic acid)-grafted hyaluronan (PGA-g-HA), was synthesized to improve the durability of conventional HA products for intra-articular injection. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of the novel HA derivative in terms of viscoelasticity, degradation behavior, non-immunogenicity, and(More)
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