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Present-day global anthropogenic emissions contribute more than half of the mass in submicron particles primarily due to sulfate and carbonaceous aerosol components derived from fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning. These anthropogenic aerosols increase cloud drop number concentration and cloud albedo. Here, we use an improved version of the fully(More)
[1] Present-day global anthropogenic emissions contribute more than half of the mass in submicron particles primarily due to sulfate and carbonaceous aerosol components derived from fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning. These anthropogenic aerosols increase cloud drop number concentration and cloud albedo. Here, we use an improved version of the fully(More)
A microbore continuous-flow analyser was used to determine ammonia, nitrite, nitrate and phosphate in seawater. Ninety samples per hour were measured by optimizing the hydraulic conditions and using a cadmium coil for nitrate reduction. The analysis range was extended and the detection limit was reduced by using two analytical ranges with automatic(More)
Many endemic fish species are threatened with extinction. Conservation strategies and the restoration of endemic fish after extinction must therefore be investigated. Although sperm cryopreservation is indispensable for the conservation of endangered fishes, the limited number of mature fish and limited availability (volume and period) of sperm from small(More)
Low-level water cloud (cloud top temperature more than 273K) properties such as the optical depth, particle radius, and vertically-integrated droplet number concentration are derived from satellite remote sensing technique with Advanced High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) over the East Asia, mainly China area. Their annual mean characteristics thus obtained(More)
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