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Two mitochondrial DNA segments of the bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analyses of these segments were used for the genetic stock study. The variation in a segment flanking the ATPase and COIII genes was low; only two genotypes (alpha and beta) were detected(More)
The effects of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs; Kanechlor 400) on the schooling behavior of Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) were tested after feeding with various concentrations of PCBs (0, 1, 5, 25, and 125 microg/g). To test schooling, three PCB-exposed medaka and three untreated fish were placed in one chamber, and their swimming trajectories were(More)
We have been developing a "muscle suit" that provides muscular support to the paralyzed or those otherwise unable to move unaided, as well as to manual workers. The muscle suit is a garment without a metal frame and uses a McKibben actuator driven by compressed air. Because actuators are sewn into the garment, no metal frame is needed, making the muscle(More)
BACKGROUND Monitoring studies revealed high concentrations of pesticides in the drainage canal of paddy fields. It is important to have a way to predict these concentrations in different management scenarios as an assessment tool. A simulation model for predicting the pesticide concentration in a paddy block (PCPF-B) was evaluated and then used to assess(More)
PURPOSE To develop a robotic gait trainer that can be used in water (RGTW) and achieve repetitive physiological gait patterns to improve the movement dysfunctions. METHOD The RGTW is a hip-knee-ankle-foot orthosis with pneumatic actuators; the control software was developed on the basis of the angular motions of the hip and knee joint of a healthy subject(More)
In the field of agriculture, development of evaluation techniques for environmental changes is urgently required for the purpose of finding a balance between growth in agricultural productivity and environmental considerations. The habitat evaluation procedures (HEP) constitute one technique for habitat assessment. While HEP is widely applied to estimate(More)
Chiyoda basin is located in Saga Prefecture in Kyushu Island, Japan, and lies next to the tidal compartment of the Chikugo River to which the excess water in the basin is drained away. Chiyoda basin has a total area of about 1,100 ha and is a typical flat and low-lying paddy-cultivated area. The main problem in this basin is the appropriate operation of(More)
Aquatic vegetation plays a very important role in providing food, shelter, and nursery habitat and is also regarded as hydraulic resistance in the stream environment. To achieve better ecological restoration, this trade-off should be solved both hydraulically and ecologically. This study quantifies the effect of aquatic vegetation on the spatial(More)
The preference intensities of Japanese Medaka Fish (Japanese killifish, Oryzias latipes) to the three environmental factors of water depth, current velocity, and cover are discussed in this paper. Mathematical models of preference intensities for Japanese Medaka Fish to the three environmental factors were constructed in laboratory open-channel experiments.(More)