Kazuaki Harata

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Parasporin-2 is a protein toxin that is isolated from parasporal inclusions of the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. Although B. thuringiensis is generally known as a valuable source of insecticidal toxins, parasporin-2 is not insecticidal, but has a strong cytocidal activity in liver and colon cancer cells. The 37-kDa inactive nascent protein(More)
The seeds of a Japanese terrestrial orchid (Bletilla striata Rchb.f.) were germinated and cultured on solidified new Dogashima (ND) medium for 10 days. These embryos were then precultured on ND medium supplemented with 0.3 m sucrose for 3 days at 25°C in continuous dark. The embryos were then overlaid with a mixture of 2 m glycerol and 0.4 m sucrose for 15(More)
Aromatic amino acid aminotransferase (ArATPh), which has a melting temperature of 120 degrees C, is one of the most thermostable aminotransferases yet to be discovered. The crystal structure of this aminotransferase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii was determined to a resolution of 2.1 A. ArATPh has a homodimer structure in which(More)
Urtica dioica agglutinin is a small plant lectin that binds chitin. We purified the isolectin VI (UDA-VI) and crystal structures of the isolectin and its complex with tri-N-acetylchitotriose (NAG3) were determined by X-ray analysis. The UDA-VI consists of two domains analogous to hevein and the backbone folding of each domain is maintained by four disulfide(More)
Cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) is an enzyme which produces cyclodextrins by the degradation of starch. The enzyme from alkalophilic Bacillus sp. 1011, consisting of 686 amino acid residues, was crystallized from the solution containing 20% PEG 3000 and 20% 2-propanol at pH 5.6 adjusted with citrate buffer. The space group was P1 and the unit cell(More)
Special AT-rich sequence binding protein 1 (SATB1) regulates gene expression essential in immune T-cell maturation and switching of fetal globin species, by binding to matrix attachment regions (MARs) of DNA and inducing a local chromatin remodeling. Previously we have revealed a five-helix structure of the N-terminal CUT domain, which is essentially the(More)
What is the smallest protein? This is actually not such a simple question to answer, because there is no established consensus among scientists as to the definition of a protein. We describe here a designed molecule consisting of only 10 amino acids. Despite its small size, its essential characteristics, revealed by its crystal structure, solution(More)
To get high level secretion of human lysozyme in Pichia pastoris, the following three signal sequences and one prepro sequence were evaluated: chicken lysozyme signal peptide, leucine-rich artificial signal peptide, Saccharomyces invertase signal peptide, and Saccharomyces prepro sequence of alpha factor (MF-alpha Prepro). Transformants harboring a lysozyme(More)
An orthorhombic crystal of xylanase II from Trichoderma reesei was grown in the presence of sodium iodide. Crystal structures at atomic resolution were determined at 100 and 293 K. Protein molecules were aligned along a crystallographic twofold screw axis, forming a helically extended polymer-like chain mediated by an iodide ion. The iodide ion connected(More)