Kazuaki A. Matsumoto

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Voriconazole metabolism is mostly mediated via the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 isozyme. The non-wild (mutant) type of CYP2C19 is generally found in 60-70% of Asian populations. Because the voriconazole trough plasma concentration has been reported to correlate with hepatotoxicity, this study investigated the effect of CYP2C19 polymorphism on the relationship(More)
The major adverse event associated with linezolid treatment is reversible myelosuppression, mostly thrombocytopenia. Recent studies have reported that the incidence of linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia was higher in patients with renal failure than in patients with normal renal function, although the underlying mechanisms of this toxicity are still(More)
Downregulation of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg) has been found in local atherosclerotic lesions and in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). However, the roles of Treg in MI and the following inflammatory response have not yet been well elucidated. Therefore, we hypothesized that adoptive transfer of Treg could attenuate the postinfarction(More)
Liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB), which was developed to reduce side effects, has been shown to have a better safety profile than both the deoxycholate and lipid complex forms of amphotericin B; however, the frequency of major side effects is still unclear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess retrospectively the frequency of L-AmB-induced(More)
An initial loading procedure has been recommended to enable teicoplanin to promptly reach an effective serum concentration for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of teicoplanin to determine the therapeutic target for the teicoplanin(More)
Human alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP), a serum glycoprotein, is thought to have anti-inflammatory effects by a mechanism that is not well understood. In this study, we investigated the pharmacokinetics of AGP in mice using enzymatically modified AGP (AGP with the sialic acids removed, asialo-AGP, and with both sialic acids and galactose removed,(More)
BACKGROUND DNA methylation by the Dnmt family occurs in vertebrates and invertebrates, including ascidians, and is thought to play important roles in gene regulation and genome stability, especially in vertebrates. However, the global methylation patterns of vertebrates and invertebrates are distinctive. Whereas almost all CpG sites are methylated in(More)
Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibacterial agent that has a long serum half-life and therefore takes time to achieve steady-state conditions. An appropriate initial dosing is needed for teicoplanin to promptly reach an effective serum trough concentration. However, little information is available on tailoring the initial dosing for patients with various(More)