Kazuaki A. Matsumoto

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DNA methylation by the Dnmt family occurs in vertebrates and invertebrates, including ascidians, and is thought to play important roles in gene regulation and genome stability, especially in vertebrates. However, the global methylation patterns of vertebrates and invertebrates are distinctive. Whereas almost all CpG sites are methylated in vertebrates, with(More)
Voriconazole (VRCZ) is a triazole antifungal developed for the treatment of fungal infectious disease and is available for both oral and intravenous administration. It has potent activity against a broad spectrum of clinically significant pathogens, including Aspergillus, Candida, Cryptococcus, Fusarium, and Scedosporium [1]. VRCZ has a nonlinear(More)
Voriconazole metabolism is mostly mediated via the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 isozyme. The non-wild (mutant) type of CYP2C19 is generally found in 60-70% of Asian populations. Because the voriconazole trough plasma concentration has been reported to correlate with hepatotoxicity, this study investigated the effect of CYP2C19 polymorphism on the relationship(More)
The major adverse event associated with linezolid treatment is reversible myelosuppression, mostly thrombocytopenia. Recent studies have reported that the incidence of linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia was higher in patients with renal failure than in patients with normal renal function, although the underlying mechanisms of this toxicity are still(More)
The pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) index for the efficacy of linezolid is a 24-h area under the plasma drug concentration-time curve (AUC₂₄)/minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ratio of ≥100. The main adverse event associated with administration of linezolid is thrombocytopenia. Therefore, the aims of the present study were to define PD(More)
Human alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP), a serum glycoprotein, is thought to have anti-inflammatory effects by a mechanism that is not well understood. In this study, we investigated the pharmacokinetics of AGP in mice using enzymatically modified AGP (AGP with the sialic acids removed, asialo-AGP, and with both sialic acids and galactose removed,(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether routine therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of voriconazole (VRCZ) reduced discontinuation due to hepatotoxicity. Hepatotoxicity was observed in 15 (51.7%) out of 29 patients. The percentages of patients who developed hepatotoxicity within 4 days and 1 week were 26.7 and 46.7%, respectively. The drug trough(More)
Downregulation of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg) has been found in local atherosclerotic lesions and in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). However, the roles of Treg in MI and the following inflammatory response have not yet been well elucidated. Therefore, we hypothesized that adoptive transfer of Treg could attenuate the postinfarction(More)
Liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB), which was developed to reduce side effects, has been shown to have a better safety profile than both the deoxycholate and lipid complex forms of amphotericin B; however, the frequency of major side effects is still unclear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess retrospectively the frequency of L-AmB-induced(More)