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Although patients with type 2 diabetes have elevated risks of liver, pancreatic, kidney, and endometrial cancer, little is known about the risk of cancer for patients with type 1 diabetes. We conducted a cohort study to examine cancer incidence among 29 187 patients in Sweden who were hospitalized for type 1 diabetes from 1965 through 1999. Relative risks(More)
In a prospective cohort study of more than 330,000 Swedish construction workers, we explored the effect of tobacco smoking, oral moist snuff use, and body mass index (BMI) on the risk of developing leukemia (excluding chronic lymphocytic leukemia) and multiple myeloma (MM). Study subjects were participants of a health surveillance system within the building(More)
Glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes are known to metabolize tobacco-related carcinogens. Previous studies on the association of functional polymorphisms of GST genes with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma have yielded conflicting but overall null results. A few studies of esophageal adenocarcinoma were likewise conflicting, but the scarcity of data is(More)
BACKGROUND Although classified as carcinogenic, snuff is used increasingly in several populations. Scandinavian moist snuff (snus) has been proposed as a less harmful alternative to smoking, but precise data on the independent associations of snus use with site-specific cancers are sparse. We aimed to assess the risks for cancer of the oral cavity, lung,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of fasting on anthropometric indices and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in patients with type II diabetes. DESIGN Observational non-interventional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY : Diabetes clinic, Shariati Hospital, Tehran, Iran during Ramadan 1419 (winter 1998-99). PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-seven volunteers(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have evaluated the epidemiology of cervical cancer in low risk Muslim countries, where the prognosis of cervical cancer is poor and which lack an organized cervical screening program. We studied incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer and the prevalence of high risk human papilloma virus (HPV) infection in the Islamic(More)
Although Scandinavian moist snuff ("snus"), no doubt, is a safer alternative to smoking, there is limited evidence against an association with gastroesophageal cancers. In a retrospective cohort study, we investigated esophageal and stomach cancer incidence among 336,381 male Swedish construction workers who provided information on tobacco smoking and snus(More)
Estrogen receptor α (ERα) is initially expressed in the majority of breast cancers and promotes estrogen-dependent cancer progression by regulating the transcription of genes linked to cell proliferation. ERα status is of clinical importance, as ERα-positive breast cancers can be successfully treated by adjuvant therapy with antiestrogens or aromatase(More)
BACKGROUND Attempts for early detection of gastric cancer have recently focused on host's genetic susceptibility factors and gene-environment interactions. We have, herein, studied the association of MTHFR C677T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and its interaction with Helicobacter pylori infection, smoking, age and gender on the risk of gastric cancer(More)
The activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor is believed to be important in tumorigenesis and altered AP-1 activity was associated with cell transformation. We aimed to assess the potential role of AP-1 family members as novel biomarkers in breast cancer. We studied the expression of AP-1 members at the mRNA level in 72 primary breast tumors and 37(More)