Kazem Parivar

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Extracellular matrix (ECM) components significantly influence the growth characteristics of cardiomyocytes, development of spontaneous contractile activity and morphologic differentiation. The present study involves characterization of ES cell-derived cardiomyocytes cultured on different ECMs. We hypothesized that cardiogel, which is a naturally occurring(More)
Trans-chalcone (1,3-diphenyl-2-propen-1-one), a biphenolic core structure of flavonoids precursor was tested for inhibitory activity toward alpha-amylase. Porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase was observed to be effectively inhibited by this compound, which showed competitive behavior with a K i of 48 μM. Soluble starch (the natural substrate of the enzyme) was(More)
BACKGROUND The cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) gene, is one of the candidate genes for susceptibility to Graves' disease. This study aimed to investigate the association of Graves' disease and Graves' ophthalmopathy with polymorphisms at position +49 in exon 1 and positions -318 and -1147 in the promoter region of CTLA-4 gene in Iranian(More)
Fetal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains many neurotrophic and growth factors and has been shown to be capable of supporting viability, proliferation and differentiation of primary cortical progenitor cells. Rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells have been widely used as an in vitro model of neuronal differentiation since they differentiate into sympathetic(More)
trans-Chalcone is the core structure of naringenin chalcone, located halfway in the biosynthesis pathway of flavonoids. Flavonoids have been reported as mammalian alpha-amylase inhibitors, a property which could be useful in the management of postprandial hyperglycemia in diabetes and related disorders. As a mammalian alpha-amylase inhibitor in vitro, the(More)
The low productivity and escalating costs of drug development have been well documented over the past several years. Less than 10% of new compounds that enter clinical trials ultimately make it to the market, and many more fail in the preclinical stages of development. These challenges in the "critical path" of drug development are discussed in a 2004(More)
In the present study, the effects of the histamine and cholinergic systems on memory retention in adult male rats were investigated. Post-training intracerebroventricular injections were carried out in all the experiments. Cholinoceptor agonist, acetylcholine (1-10 microg/rat) or nicotine (1-10 microg/rat), increased, while a cholinoceptor antagonist,(More)
There is evidence that both cholinergic and GABAergic systems are involved in the neurobiology of anxiety. In the present study, we investigated the effects and interaction of nicotinic and GABAergic systems in the central amygdala of rats, using the elevated plus maze test of anxiety. Bilateral administration of nicotine (1 and 2 microg/rat; 1 microl/rat;(More)
Feeder layers have been applied extensively to support the growth and stemness potential of stem cells for in vitro cultures. Mouse embryonic fibroblast and mouse fibroblast cell line (SNL) are common feeder cells for human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) culture. Because of some problems in the use of these animal feeders and in order to simplify(More)
The interaction between cyclophosphamide hydrochloride (CYC) and aspirin (ASA) with human serum albumin (HSA) was studied by various kind of spectroscopic, ζ potential and molecular modeling under physiological conditions. The fluorescence data showed that the binding of drugs to proteins caused strong static fluorescence quenching. The analysis of the(More)