Kayoko Masuda

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PURPOSE To investigate whether and how survival-promoting agents rescue photoreceptor cell function and morphology from constant light damage, the authors recorded electroretinographic (ERG) responses and examined light micrographs of retinas in those rats given intravitreal injection of midkine (MK) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) before constant(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate short wavelength light-induced retinal damage in rats. METHODS Pigmented rats were exposed to 300-500 nm wavelength light for 30 seconds, 1, 3, 10, 20, 60, or 90 minutes. Electroretinogram a-, b-, and c-waves were recorded 48 hours after the exposure. RESULTS While the a- and b-wave amplitudes were reduced significantly after(More)
The efficacy and safety of oral cyclosporin 10 mg/kg per day in Behçet's disease were compared in a randomised double-masked study with those of colchicine, 1 mg orally per day, and were also investigated in a long-term open study. The double-masked study showed that cyclosporin was effective in treating not only the ocular manifestations of Behçet's(More)
PURPOSE Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH) is an autoimmune disorder causing a bilateral diffuse granulomatous uveitis, often with several associated extraocular manifestations. Strong association of human leukocyte antigens (HLA) antigens with the disease has been documented. The details of all HLA class II genotypes were investigated in Japanese patients(More)
The notion that autoimmune mechanisms play a role in the pathogenesis of certain uveitic conditions in humans is supported by the observation that lymphocytes from such patients respond in culture against retinal specific antigens which are uveitogenic in animals. A large proportion of uveitis patients with Behçet's disease are reported to respond well to S(More)
PURPOSE To examine the localization of a novel alpha 1-adrenergic receptor subtype of alpha 1C receptor in the eye, we compared the amount of alpha 1C receptor transcripts in bovine retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and in neural retina by employing reverse transcription of mRNA and the polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. METHODS RT-PCR assay with(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the difference, if any, in the immunogenetic backgrounds between two clinical subtypes of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH). METHODS HLA-DR4 gene variations were investigated in 46 Japanese patients, 28 with the prolonged type and 18 with the nonprolonged type of VKH. HLA-DR4 genes were amplified with polymerase chain reaction(More)
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcriptional factor that regulates many antioxidants, and we have recently succeeded in obtaining a novel Nrf2 activator, RS9, from microbial transformation. RS9 is categorized as a triterpenoid, and well-known triterpenoids such as RTA 402 (bardoxolone methyl) and RTA 408 have been tested in(More)
Under general anaesthesia the eye position of esotropia generally moved divergently. When retrobulbar anaesthesia was added bilaterally, the eye position moved further in the same direction. In the electromyogram under general anaesthesia the 4 horizontal recti were silent in controls. In many cases of esotropia, however, both medial recti showed a(More)