Kayoko Iwata

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BACKGROUND The behavior of reflected light in skin affects skin appearance and provides clues as to the internal condition of the skin. Surface topography is one of the central physical factors contributing to surface reflection. OBJECTIVE We tried to clarify the relationship between microstructure of the skin surface and surface reflection based on(More)
We have developed a simple and effective method for everyday measurement of translucency with a handy spectral reflectometer using edge loss. Edge loss can be used to quantify the translucency index in terms of changes in reflectance under two types of measurement conditions. Here, a measurement condition represents the pairing of an illumination area and a(More)
Diurnal variations in daytime sleepiness were studied in 26 men with sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) [age, 41.7 +/- 9.9 years (mean +/- SD); body mass index, 30.0 +/- 6.2 kg/m2; Epworth Sleepiness Score, 8.7 +/- 4.1; apnea-hypopnea index, 50.2 +/- 22.0]. Sleep latencies measured at 09.00 h, 11.00 h, 13.00 h, 15.00 h, and 17.00 h were 3.4 +/- 3.6 min, 4.7 +/- 5.5(More)
To quantitatively evaluate skin chromophores over a wide region of curved skin surface, we propose an approach that suppresses the effect of the shading-derived error in the reflectance on the estimation of chromophore concentrations, without sacrificing the accuracy of that estimation. In our method, we use multiple regression analysis, assuming the(More)
BACKGROUND Cutaneous blood flow plays an important role in the thermoregulation, oxygen supply, and nutritional support necessary to maintain the skin. However, there is little evidence for a link between blood flow and skin physiology. Therefore, we conducted surveys of healthy volunteers to determine the relationship(s) between dry skin properties and(More)
We adapted the critical angle method for measuring rough surfaces under partial contact to acquire an in vivo skin refractive index (RI). Assuming that the total reflection is the simple sum of reflection from areas that are in contact and reflection from those that are not in contact, the RI can be estimated even for partial contact with a rough surface.(More)
Discarded vehicle tire casings are an important artificial habitat for the developmental stages of numerous vector mosquitoes. Discarded vehicle tires degrade under ultraviolet light and leach numerous soluble metals (e.g., barium, cadmium, zinc) and organic substances (e.g., benzothiazole and its derivatives [BZTs], polyaromatic hydrocarbons [PAHs]) that(More)
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