Kayo Takahashi

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Aromatase is an enzyme that converts androgens to estrogens and may play a role in mood and mental status. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that brain aromatase distribution could be evaluated with a novel positron emission tomography (PET) tracer [(11)C]vorozole. Vorozole is a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor that reversibly binds to the heme(More)
UNLABELLED Aromatase (an enzyme that converts androgens to estrogens) in the brain is involved in neuroprotection, synaptic plasticity, and regulation of sexual and emotional behaviors. To investigate the physiologic and pathologic importance of aromatase in the brain, including in humans, we here report the development of a novel PET probe for aromatase,(More)
UNLABELLED Aromatase is a rate-limiting enzyme for estrogen biosynthesis and has been implicated in pathophysiological states of various diseases via estrogen production. This enzyme is known to be widely distributed in extragonadal and gonadal tissues including the stomach. In contrast to circulating estrogen, the functional role of gastric(More)
AIMS To elucidate the role of cerebral serotonin neurotransmission in visceral perception in functional dyspepsia (FD), we observationally examined the regional expression level of the serotonin transporter (SERT) and its correlation with clinical symptoms. MAIN METHODS FD patients (Rome III criteria; N=9, age range: 36-76years) and healthy controls (N=8,(More)
In a previous study, we demonstrated that androgenic-anabolic steroids increased aromatase expression in the bed nucleus of stria terminalis and preoptic area in rat brain, as evaluated using autoradiography with [11C]vorozole, a potential positron emission tomography tracer for aromatase. In this study, we explored whether the increase in aromatase binding(More)
In the present study, we investigated the alteration of aromatase expression in the brain by anabolic androgenic steroid treatment in male rats. The rats were given nandrolone decanoate (15 mg/kg/day) for 14 days, and the brains were used for autoradiography with [C]vorozole, which has been developed as a positron emission tomography tracer for aromatase by(More)
In an earlier study in rodents, we showed that the aromatase that converts androgens to estrogens in the preoptic area and bed nucleus of stria terminalis was significantly increased in concentration after exposure to anabolic-androgenic steroids. To confirm whether this occurs in primates, we conducted a positron emission tomographic study using macaque(More)
UNLABELLED Neural stem cells in two neurogenic regions, the subventricular zone and the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the hippocampal dentate gyrus, can divide and produce new neurons throughout life. Hippocampal neurogenesis is related to emotions, including depression/anxiety, and the therapeutic effects of antidepressants, as well as learning and memory. The(More)
A practical method to prepare precursor of [N-methyl-(11)C]vorozole ([(11)C]vorozole), an efficient positron emission tomography (PET) tracer for imaging aromatase in the living body, was established. Sufficient amount of the racemate including norvorozole, a demethylated vorozole derivative used as a precursor of [(11)C]vorozole, became available by means(More)
The brain distribution of nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors was investigated in mice to understand their interactions with brain aromatase. The brain-to-plasma ratio (Kp,brain , mL/g brain) of anastrozole was 0.0299 ± 0.0068, which was lower than that of letrozole (0.383 ± 0.048) and vorozole (0.185 ± 0.031) despite their similar physicochemical properties.(More)