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Subjective sleep quality has been identified as an important clinical construct in psychiatric disordered patients. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), one of the most widely used standardized measures to assess subjective sleep quality, generates a global score and scores seven components. The present study psychometrically assessed clinical(More)
There are few epidemiological studies on sleep loss and daytime sleepiness in the general adult population of Japan. A total of 4000 adult people, aged 20 and over, were randomly drawn from five areas of Japan, and 3030 individuals were interviewed and completed a questionnaire including information about sleep duration and sleep problems. Overall, 29%(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES There is a long-standing controversy surrounding the existence of dream experiences during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Previous studies have not answered the question whether this "NREM dream" originates from the NREM sleep mechanism because the subject might simply be recalling experiences from the preceding rapid eye movement(More)
The aim of this study was to compare circadian and sleep characteristics between patients with delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) and healthy controls. The authors studied 8 DSPS patients and 15 normal controls. Serum melatonin concentration was assessed every hour for 24 h under dim light conditions. The sleep phase and the melatonin rhythm in DSPS(More)
Nine healthy male volunteers (mean age of 24) participated in two experimental sessions of random crossover design: a bright light (5000 lux for 5 h from 00:00 to 05:00 h) session and a dim light (10 lux for 5 h from 00:00 to 05:00 h) session. Subsequently participants entered an ultra-short sleep-wake schedule for 26 h, in which a sleep-wake cycle(More)
The international classification of sleep disorders has proposed menstrual-associated sleep disorder. However, few studies have investigated its pathophysiological mechanism. A 34-year-old woman complaining of insomnia in the late luteal phase underwent continuous rectal temperature measurements and simultaneous actigraphic monitoring for 146 days. The(More)
Mood disorders are found in one-third to one-half of patients with chronic sleep problems. Likewise, most patients with mood disorders experience insomnia, but a minority obtain significantly increased amounts of sleep. Although mood disorders cause significant morbidity and mortality, they often go undiagnosed. Attention to sleep complaints could lead to(More)
Delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) and non-24-h sleep-wake rhythm are circadian rhythm sleep disorders that are common in adolescents. Most patients have difficulty adjusting to school life, poor class attendance or refuse to go to school. Since a treatment has not been established, the present paper is presented to propose a strategy for treating(More)
We report a patient with non-24 h sleep-wake syndrome (non-24) whose free-running sleep-wake cycle was successfully treated with both scheduled bright light exposure and melatonin treatment. In the present study, morning bright light as well as evening melatonin phase-advanced sleep-wake cycles and melatonin rhythm. Both these procedures achieved(More)
We tested whether the human Clock (hClock) gene, one of the essential components of the circadian oscillator, is implicated in the vulnerability to delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) and non-24-hour sleep-wake syndrome (N-24). Screening in the entire coding region of the hClock gene with PCR amplification revealed three polymorphisms, of which two(More)