Presumably, second-language (L2) learning is mediated by changes in the brain. Little is known about what changes in the brain, how the brain changes, or when these changes occur during learning. Here, we illustrate by way of example how modern brain-based methods can be used to discern some of the changes that occur during L2 learning. Preliminary results… (More)
In this article we review several studies investigating the neural correlates of second-language (L2) grammatical learning in the context of novice adult learners progressing through their first year of L2 classroom instruction. The primary goal of these studies was to determine how and when learners incorporate L2 knowledge into their online language… (More)
Linguistic theories distinguish between syntax (sentence form) and semantics (sentence meaning). Correspondingly, recent studies have shown that syntactic and semantic anomalies elicit distinct changes in the event-related brain potential (ERP). However, these results have been obtained with highly artificial methodologies and have not yet been generalized… (More)
Even though auditory training exercises for humans have been shown to improve certain perceptual skills of individuals with and without hearing loss, there is a lack of knowledge pertaining to which aspects of training are responsible for the perceptual gains, and which aspects of perception are changed. To better define how auditory training impacts brain… (More)
Auditory training programs are being developed to remediate various types of communication disorders. Biological changes have been shown to coincide with improved perception following auditory training so there is interest in determining if these changes represent biologic markers of auditory learning. Here we examine the role of stimulus exposure and… (More)
•Multiple bone metastases following cervical cancer was completed resolved.•Metastatic lesions were present within a previously irradiated zone of primary external radiation.•Concurrent chemotherapy and bisphosphonate administration is promising.
•Occult ovarian carcinoma of presumable fallopian tube origin in Lynch syndrome•Atypical endometrial hyperplasia during a 10-year follow-up period after colon cancer•Synchronous ovarian serous carcinoma in situ and borderline tumor in Lynch syndrome.
OBJECTIVE This study was to examine the effect of complementary therapy (CT) for nurses with high stress levels. It was taken before we employ this technique for cancer survivors because cancer patients are a heterogeneous group that requires substantial resources to investigate. METHODS A quasi-experimental design with five groups was employed for this… (More)
A 48-year-old woman underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy after preoperative diagnosis of multiple uterine leiomyomas. The histopathological diagnosis was leiomyosarcoma (LMS). After 47 months, multiple lung metastases were detected and resected. The patient was also diagnosed with pelvic bone metastasis and received six cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy… (More)