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Drosophila germline stem cells are regulated by the somatic microenvironment, or "niche," which ensures that the stem cells can both self-renew and produce functional gametes throughout adult life. However, despite its prime importance, little is known about how niche formation is regulated during gonadal development. Here, we demonstrate that a receptor(More)
Nanos (Nos) is an evolutionarily conserved protein essential for the survival of primordial germ cells. In Drosophila, maternal Nos partitions into pole cells and suppresses apoptosis to permit proper germ-line development. However, how this critical event is regulated by Nos has remained elusive. Here, we report that Nos represses apoptosis of pole cells(More)
Primordial germ cells (PGC) are the earliest identifiable germ cells in the embryo. To understand the molecular basis of germline development, isolation of pure PGC is required. We report here the use of fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) to isolate pure populations of Drosophila pole cells, which are the presumptive primordial germ cells in flies.(More)
Nanos (Nos) is an evolutionarily conserved protein essential for the maintenance of primordial germ cells (PGCs). In Drosophila, the PGCs or pole cells express head involution defective (hid), which is required for caspase activation, but its translation is repressed by maternal Nos. In the absence of Nos activity, translation of hid mRNA into protein(More)
A hallmark of germline cells throughout the animal kingdom is their ability to execute meiosis. However, despite its prime importance, little is known about how germline progenitors acquire this ability. In Drosophila, the primordial germ cells (PGCs) are characterized by the inheritance of germ plasm, which contains maternal factors that have sufficient(More)
We examined the effects of arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and their ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated products on HL-60 cells and isolated mitochondria to explore the following four obscure points in the mechanism of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)-induced apoptosis: (i). the role of reactive oxygen species, (ii). the interaction of PUFAs(More)
We reported previously that alpha-tocopheryl-succinate (VES) induced apoptosis of cultured human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) (Free Radic Res 2000;33:407-18). We have now studied the effect of cholesteryl-hemisuccinate (CS) on the fate of HL-60 cells to clarify whether CS has an effect similar to that of VES. CS inhibited the growth of HL-60 cells(More)
Meiosis is one of the fundamental characteristics of germ cells. In Drosophila, genetic screens have identified many genes required for meiotic division. However, it remains elusive as to when and how these meiotic genes are activated during germline development. To obtain insights into their regulatory mechanisms, we examined the expression of 38 meiotic(More)
In early Drosophila embryos, germ plasm is localized to the posterior pole region and is partitioned into the germline progenitors, known as pole cells. Germ plasm contains the maternal factors required for germline development. It has been proposed that germline-specific gene expression is initiated by the function of maternal factors that are enriched in(More)