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OBJECTIVES To compare epidemiologic characteristics of unintentional injuries among children and adolescents in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities in the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), Canada. STUDY DESIGN A comparative population-based study of unintentional injuries among individuals 0-19 years was conducted among Aboriginal and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine suicide epidemiology in Newfoundland and Labrador from 1997 to 2001. METHOD Data from the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (CME) were linked with data derived from the Canadian Vital Statistics Death Database. Ninety-five percent confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to assess variation of rates. We used the chi-square test to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the validity of the International Classification of Disease (ICD) codes for identifying patients with dyslipidemia in electronic medical record (EMR) data. METHODS The EMRs of patients receiving primary care in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), Canada, were retrieved from the Canadian Primary Care Sentinel Surveillance(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse drug events (ADEs) occurring in the community and treated in emergency departments (EDs) have not been well studied. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence, severity, and preventability of ADEs in patients presenting at EDs in 2 university-affiliated tertiary care hospitals in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. METHODS(More)
The aim of this study was to calculate incidence and hospitalization rates of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in Newfoundland and Labrador, and to assess hospitalization trends and associated factors. Data for all patients aged 0-19 years with a diagnosis of T1DM was obtained from the clinical database management system (CDMS) for a 7-year period(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to identify the epidemiologic characteristics of childhood burns in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. METHODS A population-based study was carried out on children aged 0-16 years who were hospitalized due to burns in Newfoundland and Labrador between April 1995 and March 2001. Hospital and mortality data(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the usefulness of provincial administrative databases in carrying out surveillance on depressive disorders. Electronic medical records (EMRs) at 3 family practice clinics in St. John's, NL, Canada, were audited; 253 depressive disorder cases and 257 patients not diagnosed with a depressive disorder were selected.(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to examine epidemiologic characteristics of Adverse Drug Events (ADEs) among children and adolescents presenting to an Emergency Department (ED) in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), Canada. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was conducted in three phases and included an ED chart review of visits to the Janeway Hospital in(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with a self-reported history of sexually transmitted infection (STI) are at high risk for depression. However, little is known about how social support affects the association between STI and depression among young women in Canada. METHODS Data were drawn from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), conducted in 2005. A total(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies on the relationship between diabetes and colorectal cancer (CRC) are inconsistent. It is also unclear whether CRC risk elevation for individuals with diabetes is similar for males and females. Using data from Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), the province with the highest CRC incidence and diabetes prevalence in Canada, we assessed and(More)