Kayla D. Collins

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The objective of this study was to assess the usefulness of provincial administrative databases in carrying out surveillance on depressive disorders. Electronic medical records (EMRs) at 3 family practice clinics in St. John's, NL, Canada, were audited; 253 depressive disorder cases and 257 patients not diagnosed with a depressive disorder were selected.(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare epidemiologic characteristics of unintentional injuries among children and adolescents in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities in the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), Canada. STUDY DESIGN A comparative population-based study of unintentional injuries among individuals 0-19 years was conducted among Aboriginal and(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse drug events (ADEs) occurring in the community and treated in emergency departments (EDs) have not been well studied. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence, severity, and preventability of ADEs in patients presenting at EDs in 2 university-affiliated tertiary care hospitals in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. METHODS(More)
The purpose of this study was to systematically assess and synthesize the world literature on risk factors for the onset and natural progression of spina bifida, thereby providing a basis for policy makers to identify appropriate risk management measures to mitigate the burden of disease in Canada. Searches of several health literature databases from(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the validity of the International Classification of Disease (ICD) codes for identifying patients with dyslipidemia in electronic medical record (EMR) data. METHODS The EMRs of patients receiving primary care in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), Canada, were retrieved from the Canadian Primary Care Sentinel Surveillance(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine suicide epidemiology in Newfoundland and Labrador from 1997 to 2001. METHOD Data from the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (CME) were linked with data derived from the Canadian Vital Statistics Death Database. Ninety-five percent confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to assess variation of rates. We used the chi-square test to(More)
Epilepsy is a neurological condition that affects more than 50 million individuals worldwide. It presents as unpredictable, temporary and recurrent seizures often having negative physical, psychological and social consequences. To inform disease prevention and management strategies, a comprehensive systematic review of the literature on risk factors for the(More)
Systematic reviews were conducted to identify risk factors associated with the onset and progression of 14 neurological conditions, prioritized as a component of the National Population Health Study of Neurological Conditions. These systematic reviews provided a basis for evaluating the weight of evidence of evidence for risk factors for the onset and(More)
The aim of this study was to calculate incidence and hospitalization rates of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in Newfoundland and Labrador, and to assess hospitalization trends and associated factors. Data for all patients aged 0-19 years with a diagnosis of T1DM was obtained from the clinical database management system (CDMS) for a 7-year period(More)
Neurotrauma, including traumatic brain injury (TBI) and spinal cord injury (SCI), is a preventable condition that imposes an important burden on the Canadian society. In this study, the current evidence on risk factors for the onset and progression of neurotrauma is systematically reviewed and synthesized. Searches of the Cochrane Database of Systematic(More)