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The use of the sitting position in neurosurgery is often associated with decreased arterial pressure (MAP) and stroke volume index (SVI). A shift in blood from the intra- to the extrathoracic compartment may be responsible for this cardiovascular response. However, little is known of the amount of shift in blood volume after transfer from the supine to the(More)
Patients and their care providers are increasingly turning to the internet for information. Being faced with this information of very heterogeneous quality, the physician would do well to be informed about the common internet information sources. We investigated the e-mails of a mailing list (or "support group") serving about 380 brain tumour patients and(More)
A differential morphological response of mature oligodendrocytes (OL) isolated from human and pig brains to the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and to the nerve growth factor (NGF) was observed. In both cases, OL regenerate their processes; however, the rate and the extension of the process formation of human OL were behind that of(More)
In the brain, S100 protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) are mainly found in glial cells and neurons, respectively. We investigated concentrations of S100 protein and NSE in cisternal cerebrospinal fluid obtained during implantation of foramen ovale electrodes in eight patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In addition, the meningeal markers(More)
OBJECTIVE An increased level of endothelin (ET)-1 seems to be involved in the development of augmented cerebrovascular resistance in different pathological conditions, most notably vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Therefore, interfering with the ET synthesis or ET receptor blockade may be a promising approach in the treatment of cerebral vasospasm(More)
To investigate the role of unilateral amygdala lesions on processing emotions, 22 drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) subjects (12 with left-sided and ten with right-sided focus) were tested, after anterior temporal lobectomy or selective amygdalo-hippocampectomy on two associative learning tasks containing emotional and neutral facial expressions,(More)
Trigeminal evoked potentials (TEPs) and sensory deficits in eighty-three patients admitted for first surgical treatment of facial pain were retrospectively analysed. Thirty-seven patients suffered from trigeminal neuralgia (TN), 10 from symptomatic TN (sTN), and 36 from atypical facial pain (AFP). Eighteen percent of the TN patients reported sensory(More)
We evaluated the prevalence of pathological visually evoked potentials (VEP) before the appearance of papilledema or other signs of elevated intracranial pressure in children suffering from craniosynostosis. In 52 children (19 girls, 33 boys, median age 7.6 months, mean age 7.6 months, range from 3 to 34 months) preoperative VEP were analyzed. In 13(More)
Intrinsic brainstem tumours in adults have a poor prognosis and surgical resection is rarely performed. Encouraged by successful operations on children performed in our department, we began a more aggressive strategy of open operations. Between 1986 and 1997, we operated upon 16 consecutive patients over 16 years of age (five female, 11 male, mean age 36.9(More)
BACKGROUND In neurosurgical procedures within brainstem structures, corticosteroids are routinely administered to prevent oedema and to reduce intraoperative trauma. After replacing the routine administration of dexamethasone (DX) by high-dose methylprednisolone (MP) during surgery for tumours within brainstem structures, a decreased incidence of(More)