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A differential morphological response of mature oligodendrocytes (OL) isolated from human and pig brains to the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and to the nerve growth factor (NGF) was observed. In both cases, OL regenerate their processes; however, the rate and the extension of the process formation of human OL were behind that of(More)
In the brain, S100 protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) are mainly found in glial cells and neurons, respectively. We investigated concentrations of S100 protein and NSE in cisternal cerebrospinal fluid obtained during implantation of foramen ovale electrodes in eight patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In addition, the meningeal markers(More)
Trigeminal evoked potentials (TEPs) and sensory deficits in eighty-three patients admitted for first surgical treatment of facial pain were retrospectively analysed. Thirty-seven patients suffered from trigeminal neuralgia (TN), 10 from symptomatic TN (sTN), and 36 from atypical facial pain (AFP). Eighteen percent of the TN patients reported sensory(More)
Intrinsic brainstem tumours in adults have a poor prognosis and surgical resection is rarely performed. Encouraged by successful operations on children performed in our department, we began a more aggressive strategy of open operations. Between 1986 and 1997, we operated upon 16 consecutive patients over 16 years of age (five female, 11 male, mean age 36.9(More)
To investigate the role of unilateral amygdala lesions on processing emotions, 22 drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) subjects (12 with left-sided and ten with right-sided focus) were tested, after anterior temporal lobectomy or selective amygdalo-hippocampectomy on two associative learning tasks containing emotional and neutral facial expressions,(More)
OBJECTIVE An increased level of endothelin (ET)-1 seems to be involved in the development of augmented cerebrovascular resistance in different pathological conditions, most notably vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Therefore, interfering with the ET synthesis or ET receptor blockade may be a promising approach in the treatment of cerebral vasospasm(More)
BACKGROUND Early recognition of emerging delayed neurological deficits (DND) in patients after subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is not always possible by transcranial Doppler sonography. Aim of this study was to investigate a) whether determination of blood flow velocities in deep cerebral basal veins can predict DND in these patients b) the correlation of(More)
OBJECT The authors have previously reported that erlotinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, exerts widely variable antiproliferative effects on 9 human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cell lines in vitro and in vivo. These effects were independent of EGFR baseline expression levels, raising the possibility that more complex genetic properties form the(More)
The presence of functional endothelin converting enzyme (ECE) activity in basilar artery ring segments was investigated by measuring the contractile and relaxant effects of big endothelin (ET)-1. Under resting tension conditions cumulative application of big ET1-1 elicited a concentration-related contraction with the concentration-effect curve (CEC) shifted(More)
We evaluated the prevalence of pathological visually evoked potentials (VEP) before the appearance of papilledema or other signs of elevated intracranial pressure in children suffering from craniosynostosis. In 52 children (19 girls, 33 boys, median age 7.6 months, mean age 7.6 months, range from 3 to 34 months) preoperative VEP were analyzed. In 13(More)