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The use of the sitting position in neurosurgery is often associated with decreased arterial pressure (MAP) and stroke volume index (SVI). A shift in blood from the intra- to the extrathoracic compartment may be responsible for this cardiovascular response. However, little is known of the amount of shift in blood volume after transfer from the supine to the(More)
Patients and their care providers are increasingly turning to the internet for information. Being faced with this information of very heterogeneous quality, the physician would do well to be informed about the common internet information sources. We investigated the e-mails of a mailing list (or "support group") serving about 380 brain tumour patients and(More)
BACKGROUND In neurosurgical procedures within brainstem structures, corticosteroids are routinely administered to prevent oedema and to reduce intraoperative trauma. After replacing the routine administration of dexamethasone (DX) by high-dose methylprednisolone (MP) during surgery for tumours within brainstem structures, a decreased incidence of(More)
A differential morphological response of mature oligodendrocytes (OL) isolated from human and pig brains to the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and to the nerve growth factor (NGF) was observed. In both cases, OL regenerate their processes; however, the rate and the extension of the process formation of human OL were behind that of(More)
Recent progress in localized proton NMR spectroscopy has been utilized to improve the spatial resolution and the metabolic specificity in a study of 19 patients with intracranial tumors. Selected examples demonstrate that short echo time stimulated echo acquisition mode sequences are able (a) to account for macroscopic tissue heterogeneity by reducing the(More)
Eine vereinfachte Thermodilutionstechnik zur Bestimmung des intrathorakalen Blutvolumens (ITBVTD) wurde hinsichtlich ihrer Genauigkeit mit der etablierten Doppelindikatordilutionstechnik unter Verwendung der Indikatoren Kälte und Indozyaningrün (ITBVDD) verglichen. Es wurden 10 Patienten, die sich einem neurochirurgischen Eingriff in sitzender Position(More)
The presence of functional endothelin converting enzyme (ECE) activity in basilar artery ring segments was investigated by measuring the contractile and relaxant effects of big endothelin (ET)-1. Under resting tension conditions cumulative application of big ET1-1 elicited a concentration-related contraction with the concentration-effect curve (CEC) shifted(More)
OBJECTIVE An increased level of endothelin (ET)-1 seems to be involved in the development of augmented cerebrovascular resistance in different pathological conditions, most notably vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Therefore, interfering with the ET synthesis or ET receptor blockade may be a promising approach in the treatment of cerebral vasospasm(More)
OBJECTIVE Intraoperative ultrasound displays dynamic processes intraoperatively. Performing burr-hole biopsies under a real-time visual control is an interesting option for the neurosurgeon. However, the percentage of conclusive diagnoses obtained by this technique and the rate of complications must be evaluated in a larger series. METHODS One hundred(More)
In a prospective study, 55 patients were examined by transcranial duplex sonography (TCCS) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) to determine whether additional transcranial duplex examination on the middle cerebral artery M2 segments would aid in the examination of the MCA stem segment. The mean blood flow velocities and pulsatility index were correlated to(More)