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OBJECTIVE To examine doctors' perceptions and attitudes to prescribing within the Authority Prescribing System (APS). DESIGN AND SETTING Questionnaire survey of Australian doctors' responses to a number of statements and factorial vignettes, conducted between 1 May and 30 June 2001. PARTICIPANTS A national random sample of 1200 doctors, stratified(More)
In an attempt to investigate the relative importance of endogenous and exogenous factors in determining food intake, 14 healthy subjects were studied while living in an Isolation Unit (where external time cues were absent) for eighteen 28 h "days" (equal to 21 solar days). The subjects were free to spend their waking time as they chose, and they had a free(More)
Previous research has suggested a time-of-day effect for response inhibition on a task known to be dependent on frontal lobe function. We used a forced desynchronisation protocol to separate effects of circadian and sleep homeostat processes on a modified version of this task. Fourteen healthy young adults followed an experimental day length of 28 hr for 18(More)
Introduction. Most Australians are dependent on their cars for mobility, thus relinquishing driving licences for medical reasons poses challenges. Aims. To investigate how general practitioners (GPs) recognise and manage patients' fitness to drive, GPs' attitudes and beliefs about their role as assessors, and GPs' experiences in assessing and reporting to(More)
RATIONALE The ADAPTE framework was established to enhance efficiency in guideline development and to facilitate adaptation of high-quality clinical practice guidelines for a local context. It offers guideline developers a systematic methodology for guideline adaptation; however, the feasibility and usability of the process has not been widely evaluated. (More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that a more structured approach to diabetes care can lead to better health outcomes. We needed to develop an evidence-based conceptual framework for the Chronic Disease Management Network (CDM-Net) project which aims to use information technology (IT) to optimally support diabetes care in the Barwon region of Victoria,(More)
OBJECTIVE To present a descriptive overview of the quality and recommendations of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) on diagnosis or management of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and/or knee. DATA SOURCES CPGs were identified from several research databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE and The Cochrane Library) and guideline-specific databases from 1966 to August(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood sexual abuse is a common experience of Australian women with 1 woman in 3 reporting unwanted sexual activity, and 1 in 10 reporting attempted or penetrative sexual abuse before 16 years of age. The objective of this study was to explore women's responses to perinatal professional touch and examination of themselves and their babies. (More)
Differences in perceptions of comfort, exertion, balance, and heart rate were investigated with two types of backpack. Subjects were 20 male volunteers (M age = 24.3 yr., SD: 3.6, M height = 180.02 cm, SD: 8.0, and M weight = 86.46 kg, SD: 14.84). Following oral briefing and practice trials, each subject was fitted at random with either an internal- or(More)
BACKGROUND Information technology (IT) is increasingly being used in general practice to manage health care including type 2 diabetes. However, there is conflicting evidence about whether IT improves diabetes outcomes. This review of the literature about IT-based diabetes management interventions explores whether methodological issues such as sample(More)