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The higher vocal center (HVC) of the songbird forebrain exhibits persistent neurogenesis in adulthood, particularly in a region of the mediocaudal neostriatum that is associated with a subventricular layer of estrogen receptive cells. We asked whether estrogens might influence adult neurogenesis, by assessing the effect of ovariectomy on HVC neuronal(More)
The avian forebrain exhibits neurogenesis in adulthood, with neuronal production from ependymal/subependymal zone (SZ) precursor cells. To follow the commitment of newborn cells to neuronal lineage, we used their expression of the Hu family of neuronal RNA-binding proteins to identify them before their migration from the SZ. Adult canaries were injected(More)
Various biochemical characteristics of the developing GABA system was studied in rats from 1 to 60 days of age. Endogenous GABA concentrations were high in the limbic system, midbrain, brain stem and spinal cord at birth. Until 7 days of postnatal age, GABA concentrations generally decreased, thereafter an increase was seen and at 60 days of age the GABA(More)
Most current development strategies for future mobile systems are concerned with partial solutions only regarding the mobility-bit rate problem. In this paper the basic ideas of the Integrated Broadband Mobile System (IBMS), supporting in a unified way a variety of communication classes ranging from high mobility with low data rates towards(More)
Cancer/testis (CT) antigens such as those encoded by the MAGE-gene family are expressed in a wide variety of malignant neoplasms. In normal tissues, expression is generally restricted to testis. Current knowledge of the expression pattern of CT antigens is mainly based on mRNA analysis. Little is known about actual protein expression. We previously(More)
In this paper we present a n o v el infrared communication system for large cells and low user mobility. The proposed transmitter technique allows nearly perfect direction of arrival (DoA) estimation in time division multiple access (TDMA) environments only with three photodiodes. Using a photodiode array w e show that known algorithms for DoA-estimation(More)
Administration of gammahydroxybutyric acid (GHBA) to 4 days old animals caused a dose dependent decrease in locomotor activity. GHBA also induced a marked hypoventilation, irregular breathing and finally apnea, while heart rate was slightly increased. Changes in monoamine neurotransmitter turnover indicated an inhibition of dopamine (DA) neurotransmission.(More)
Preterm neonatal rabbits (gestational age 29 days) were given GABA (750 mg/kg) or the GABA-like drugs muscimol (2 mg/kg) and GHBA (375 mg/kg) intraperitoneally. Basal respiration and the ventilatory response to 10% CO2 were studied, before and after drug administration, in a whole body plethysmograph during halothane anesthesia. The three drugs tested all(More)
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