Kay Hinrich Steen

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In ischemic and in inflamed tissues, pH levels down to 5.4 have been measured, and this local acidosis may contribute to pain and hyperalgesia in disease states. To evaluate the role of acid pH in nociception, we have studied identified primary afferents in a rat skin-saphenous nerve preparation in vitro where the receptive fields can be superfused at the(More)
To study the role of protons in ischemic muscle pain we employed the "submaximal effort tourniquet technique' and, in a second attempt, an intramuscular pressure infusion of acid phosphate buffer. The pH measured in the forearm skin covering the muscles at work during the tourniquet test continuously dropped to a mean value of pH 7.00 +/- 0.26, starting 1(More)
The mechanisms of acid pain induction by superfusion of a human blister base and by intradermal infusion of acid phosphate buffer are compared in this study. Superfusion of a freshly opened blister base with CO2-saturated 'synthetic interstitial fluid' (pH 6.1) led to pain that linearly faded away during 15 min. In contrast, the protein content of the(More)
A major role of local acidosis in long lasting excitation and sensitization of cutaneous nociceptors has recently been demonstrated. In inflamed tissue, acid pH meets with a mixture of inflammatory mediators which, by themselves, stimulate nociceptors though being subject to profound tachyphylaxis. We have mimicked this condition in a rat skin-saphenous(More)
1. Cholinergic effects on primary sensory afferents were investigated in a superfused skin-saphenous nerve preparation of the rat that allows the application of chemicals topically to the corium side of identified receptive fields. 2. The acetylcholine analogue carbachol (carbamoylcholine) selectively excited cutaneous C-fibers of nociceptive character; in(More)
Electrophysiological evidence from cutaneous nociceptors suggested a synergism between excitatory actions of inflammatory mediators (IM) and low pH. In human skin it is possible to induce constant ongoing pain with continuous infusion of acid buffer. This method was used to study the interaction with mediators of inflammation psychophysiologically. A skin(More)
The present study was performed to decide whether tissue acidosis can induce sustained pain and, by that, possibly contribute to the pain in inflammation or ischaemia. A motorized syringe pump was used to infuse an isotonic phosphate buffer solution (pH 5.2) via sterile filter and cannula into the palmar forearm skin of human subjects (n = 6). This resulted(More)
Excess hydrogen ions induce sustained nociceptor excitation as well as pain, and this has been suggested, with evidence from sensory ganglion cells, to result from gating a slowly inactivating sodium/calcium inward current. In the rat skin-nerve preparation, isolated receptive fields of pH-sensitive C-fibre terminals were exposed to low-pH solutions of(More)
Topical analgesics are widely marketed for treatment of muscle and joint pain. We have recently developed a model of muscle pain and have used this model to evaluate the efficacy of commercially available topical and peroral ketoprofen in order to evaluate the time- and dose-dependence of analgesia. In the present study, we examined the dose- (0, 50, and(More)