Kay Hiemstra Singer

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A complement fixing IgM monoclonal antibody (1B10) that reacts with surface membrane molecules of human fibroblasts, tissue macrophages, and peripheral monocytes was produced. In Western blot analysis of detergent extracts of cultured human foreskin fibroblasts, antibody 1B10 detected protein bands of Mr 43,000 and 72-80,000. We used the 1B10 antibody with(More)
The cell surface expression and function of the LFA-1 ligand, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), on epidermal keratinocytes (EK) was studied. ICAM-1 expression on the surface of cultured EK was either absent or weak, but was induced by treating EK with rIFN-gamma or TNF for 4-48 h. IFN-gamma and TNF were synergistic. IFN-gamma treatment increased T(More)
Binding of anti-cell surface pemphigus autoantibodies to cultured human epidermal cells stimulates synthesis and secretion of plasminogen activator (PA). Increases in PA activity were detected within 6 h of the addition of IgG and stimulation was dependent upon IgG concentration. Stimulation of PA activity was inhibited by cycloheximide, which indicates(More)
The CD44 inhibitor Lutheran [In(Lu)]-related p80 molecule has recently been shown to be identical to the Hermes-1 lymphocyte homing receptor and to the human Pgp-1 molecule. We have determined the effect of addition of CD44 antibodies to in vitro activation assays of PBMC. CD44 antibodies did not induce PBMC proliferation alone, but markedly enhanced PBMC(More)
Antigen-independent binding of T lymphocytes to a variety of cell types has been shown to be mediated by receptor-ligand pairs of adhesion molecules. In forms of inflammatory synovitis (including rheumatoid arthritis), T cells home to synovium, become activated, and participate in the generation of chronic synovitis. Using indirect immunofluorescence assays(More)
The cluster of differentiation 44 (CD44) Ag system, originally described in brain and mature T cells, has been subsequently shown to be identical with the human lymphocyte homing-receptor defined by the Hermes-1 antibody and to be involved in T cell/endothelial cell interactions in synovium, mucosa, and lymph node. CD44 is also present on human E. On E,(More)
Long-term in vitro cultures of human thymic tissue were established and phenotypically characterized using monoclonal reagents that define distinct components of the human thymic microenvironment. The epithelial component of the thymus, defined by monoclonal antibodies TE-3, TE-4, BBTECS, and AE1 (anti-keratin) was isolated from the mesodermal component,(More)
The development of culture conditions for growing normal human thymic epithelial (TE) cells free from contamination with other stromal cells has allowed us to identify and characterize TE cell-derived cytokines. In this study, we report that cultured human TE cells produced CSF that supported the growth of clonal hematopoietic progenitor cells in the light(More)
Human thymic epithelial (TE) cells produce interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha), IL-1 beta, and IL-6, cytokines that are important for thymocyte proliferation. The mRNAs for these cytokines are short-lived and are inducible by multiple stimuli. Thus, the steady-state levels for IL-1 and IL-6 mRNAs are critical in establishing the final cytokine protein levels.(More)
Synovitis in rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by infiltration of the synovium by T and B lymphocytes and monocytes, as well as by the proliferation of synovial lining cells, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells. To study synovial cell-T cell interactions in vitro, we established cultures of fibroblast-like synovial cells, and used these cells in a(More)