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Although the thymus plays a critical role in generation of immunocompetent T lymphocytes, the precise role of the epithelial component of the thymus in the induction of T cell proliferation and maturation remains unknown. Since interleukin 1 (IL 1) is required for mature T cell activation, we have determined whether human thymic epithelial (TE) cells(More)
Long-term in vitro cultures of human thymic tissue were established and phenotypically characterized using monoclonal reagents that define distinct components of the human thymic microenvironment. The epithelial component of the thymus, defined by monoclonal antibodies TE-3, TE-4, BBTECS, and AE1 (anti-keratin) was isolated from the mesodermal component,(More)
The cell surface expression and function of the LFA-1 ligand, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), on epidermal keratinocytes (EK) was studied. ICAM-1 expression on the surface of cultured EK was either absent or weak, but was induced by treating EK with rIFN-gamma or TNF for 4-48 h. IFN-gamma and TNF were synergistic. IFN-gamma treatment increased T(More)
The development of conditions for culturing normal human thymic epithelial (TE) cells free from contaminating stromal cells has allowed us to characterize a number of cytokines produced by TE cells. Using cDNA probes for human IL-6, granulocyte-monocyte-CSF, and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), we identified mRNA for these cytokines by RNA blot analysis of(More)
Human thymic epithelial (TE) cells produce interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha), IL-1 beta, and IL-6, cytokines that are important for thymocyte proliferation. The mRNAs for these cytokines are short-lived and are inducible by multiple stimuli. Thus, the steady-state levels for IL-1 and IL-6 mRNAs are critical in establishing the final cytokine protein levels.(More)
The CD44 inhibitor Lutheran [In(Lu)]-related p80 molecule has recently been shown to be identical to the Hermes-1 lymphocyte homing receptor and to the human Pgp-1 molecule. We have determined the effect of addition of CD44 antibodies to in vitro activation assays of PBMC. CD44 antibodies did not induce PBMC proliferation alone, but markedly enhanced PBMC(More)
Using indirect immunofluorescence assays on frozen tissue sections of skin from healthy subjects and subjects with inflammatory skin diseases, we found that intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) was expressed in a cell surface pattern on epidermal keratinocytes at the site of lymphoid infiltration in cutaneous dermatoses. ICAM-1 was not expressed on(More)
With the use of cultured human thymic epithelial (TE) cells, we have previously shown that thymocytes bind to TE cells in suspension in a rosette-forming assay. To identify cell surface molecules involved in human TE-thymocyte rosette formation, we assayed a large panel of monoclonal antibodies for their ability to inhibit rosette formation. We found(More)
Cell-cell interaction is critical for normal T cell development and function. A number of adhesion molecules important in T cell interactions with other cell types have been defined. This paper reviews the role of two adhesion pathways, CD2/LFA-3 and LFA-1/ICAM-1, in T cell interactions with epithelial cells of the thymus and skin. While thymic epithelium-T(More)
Antigen-independent binding of T lymphocytes to a variety of cell types has been shown to be mediated by receptor-ligand pairs of adhesion molecules. In forms of inflammatory synovitis (including rheumatoid arthritis), T cells home to synovium, become activated, and participate in the generation of chronic synovitis. Using indirect immunofluorescence assays(More)