Kay Büchler

Learn More
Haemocyanins are multimeric oxygen transport proteins, which bind oxygen to type 3 copper sites. Arthropod haemocyanins contain 75-kDa subunits, whereas molluscan haemocyanins contain 350-400-kDa subunits comprising seven or eight different 50 kDa FUs (functional units) designated FU-a to FU-h, each with an active site. FU-h possesses a tail of 100 amino(More)
Hemocyanins are multimeric oxygen-transport proteins in the hemolymph of many arthropods and mollusks. The overall molecular architecture of arthropod and molluscan hemocyanin is very different, although they possess a similar binuclear type 3 copper center to bind oxygen in a side-on conformation. Gastropod hemocyanin is a 35 nm cylindrical didecamer (2 ×(More)
1. The incorporation of exogenously derived [14C]palmitate and endogenously synthesized [3H]palmitate (from 3H2O) was measured in the isolated perfused lung. 2. Over 40% of the fatty acid esterified into lung disaturated phosphatidylcholine was derived from de novo synthesis. 3. A major portion of the palmitate synthesized de novo was incorporated in the 2(More)
Metabolism-dependent inactivators of 3-ketothiolase I and carnitine acyltransferase I (CAT I) have been used to study the oxidation of fatty acids in intact hepatocytes. 2-Bromooctanoate inactivates mitochondrial and peroxisomal 3-ketothiolases I in a time-dependent manner. During the first 5 min of incubation, inactivation of 3-ketothiolase in mitochondria(More)
1. The present study demonstrates that lactate and acetate stimulate fatty acid synthesis and inhibit cholesterogenesis by isolated rat hepatocytes. 2. Exposure of the intact cells to lactate increases the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, as can be measured in homogenates of these cells. A similar effect by acetate was not observed. 3. Both acetate and(More)
Salicylate has been found to be an inhibitor of fatty acid synthesis in isolated rat hepatocytes. Half-maximal inhibition of fatty acid synthesis occurs at approximately 2 mM. The inhibitory effect of salicylate on fatty acid synthesis is not relieve by the addition of acetate, suggesting that salicylate inhibits the conversion of acetate into fatty acids.(More)
3-Amino-1,2,4-triazole has been found to be an inhibitor of fatty acid synthesis by isolated rat hepatocytes. Half-maximal inhibition of fatty acid synthesis occurs at approximately 20mM. Acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity in homogenates of hepatocytes is not affected by previous exposure of the intact cells to 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole. The drug opposes the(More)