Kawthar Machmach

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HIV elite controllers (EC) are a rare group of HIV-infected patients who are able to maintain undetectable viral loads during a long period of time in the absence of antiretroviral treatment. Adaptive immunity and host genetic factors, although implicated, do not entirely explain this phenomenon. On the other hand, plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are(More)
Whether HIV controllers, patients who spontaneously control HIV viraemia, are able to control hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, in terms of spontaneous clearance or lower HCV replication, is not well understood. To assess to what extent Caucasian HIV controllers are able to control HCV replication and potential associated factors, plasma HIV-1 and HCV RNA(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) controllers spontaneously control viremia and CD4 T-cell depletion in contrast to viremic patients. After HIV exposure, plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) produce high levels of interferon alpha (IFN-α) and express the apoptotic ligand TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand). Simian(More)
The study of clinical and demographic characteristics related to virus control and disease progression in patients who spontaneously control HIV vireamia (HIV-controllers) is of major interest. A particular cause of HIV control has not been found and the scenario could be partially explained by special homeostatic and immunological features. In this study,(More)
The IFNL4 ss469415590 polymorphism, in high linkage disequilibrium with the IL28B rs12979860 variant, has been associated with hepatitis C virus clearance. We evaluated whether ss469415590 is associated with clinical and immunovirological parameters in human immunodeficiency virus-infected subjects. We found an independent association of the IFNL4(More)
OBJECTIVES Analyze the short-term immunological effect directly attributable to MRV without interference of other drugs. METHODS MRV group included experienced HIV-infected patients undergoing an 8-day MRV monotherapy. A comparison population included naïve HIV-infected patients starting combined antiretroviral therapy (cART group). Absolute CD4(+) and(More)
The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12979860 near the IL28B gene has been associated with the spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus. We sought to determine whether this SNP could be associated with the spontaneous control of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We studied the prevalence of the IL28B CC genotype among 53 white HIV(More)
A small fraction of HIV-infected individuals (<1%), referred to as elite controllers (EC), are able to maintain undetectable viral loads indefinitely without treatment. The role of the maturational phenotype of T cells in the control of HIV infection in these individuals is not well described. We compared the maturational and functional phenotypes of(More)
OBJECTIVES Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and soluble CD14 (sCD14) levels have been indistinctly used to measure bacterial translocation independently of the immunovirological stage in HIV infection; however, when the association of both markers with different HIV-progression end-points has been studied, discrepant results have been reported. The aim of(More)
Background HIV-1-controllers maintain HIV-1 viremia at low levels (normally <2000 HIV-RNA copies/mL) without antiretroviral treatment. However, some HIV-1-controllers have evidence of immunologic progression with marked CD4+T-cell decline. We investigated host genetic factors associated with protection against CD4+T-cell loss in HIV-1-controllers. Methods(More)