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Blood lipids are important cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors with both genetic and environmental determinants. The Whitehall II study (n=5592) was genotyped with the gene-centric HumanCVD BeadChip (Illumina). We identified 195 SNPs in 16 genes/regions associated with 3 major lipid fractions and 2 apolipoprotein components at p<10(-5), with the(More)
BACKGROUND Familial hypercholesterolaemia is a common autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutations in three known genes. DNA-based cascade testing is recommended by UK guidelines to identify affected relatives; however, about 60% of patients are mutation-negative. We assessed the hypothesis that familial hypercholesterolaemia can also be caused by an(More)
BACKGROUND Statins increase the risk of new-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus. We aimed to assess whether this increase in risk is a consequence of inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR), the intended drug target. METHODS We used single nucleotide polymorphisms in the HMGCR gene, rs17238484 (for the main analysis) and rs12916 (for a(More)
BACKGROUND Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant disease of lipid metabolism, which leads to early coronary heart disease. Mutations in LDLR, APOB and PCSK9 can be detected in 80% of definite FH (DFH) patients. This study aimed to identify novel FH-causing genetic variants in patients with no detectable mutation. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
The D allele of the I/D polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been associated with an increased risk of ARDS in critically ill adults and severity of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in pre-term infants. We hypothesised that the presence of the hypoxia-associated ACE D allele would increase susceptibility to acute hypoxic respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutations in 1 of 3 genes. In the 60% of patients who are mutation negative, we have recently shown that the clinical phenotype can be associated with an accumulation of common small-effect LDL cholesterol (LDL-C)-raising alleles by use of a 12-single nucleotide(More)
AIMS Current screening methods, such as single strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) and denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (dHPLC) that are used for detecting mutations in familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) subjects are time consuming, costly and only 80-90% sensitive. Here we have tested high-resolution melt (HRM) analysis for mutation(More)
BACKGROUND Both genome-wide association studies and candidate gene studies have reported that the major determinant of plasma levels of the Lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] reside within the LPA locus on chromosome 6. We have used data from the HumanCVD BeadChip to explore the contribution of other candidate genes determining Lp(a) levels. METHODS 48,032 single(More)
BACKGROUND Observational studies report that secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) activity is a marker for coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, and activity measures are thought to represent the composite activity of sPLA2-IIA, -V, and -X. The aim of this study was to use genetic variants of PLA2G10, encoding sPLA2-X, to investigate the contribution of sPLA2-X(More)
AIMS A sequence variant, rs7025486[A], in DAB2IP on chromosome 9q33 has recently been associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). We sought to replicate this finding and to investigate associations with a panel of inflammatory and haemostatic biomarkers. We also sought to examine whether this variant, in combination with a chromosome 9p21 CHD variant(More)