Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan

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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Kerala State is a harbinger of what will happen in future to the rest of India in chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD). We assessed: (i) the burden of NCD risk factors; (ii) estimated the relations of behavioural risk factors to socio-demographic correlates, anthropometric risk factors with behavioural risk factors; (iii)(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability in developing countries, afflicting individuals at a young age. The contribution of established vascular risk factors to ischaemic stroke in young adults has not been evaluated systematically in Indians. METHODS We conducted a case control study in 214 South Indian patients with first acute(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge about the spread of HIV and safe sexual practices has a critical impact on the prevention of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). We assessed the knowledge of and attitude towards AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and sexuality among college students in Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala. METHODS We performed a(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the incidence of hypertension and its risk factors in Kerala, India where the epidemiological transition is more advanced than elsewhere in India. STUDY DESIGN Prospective cohort study. METHODS A sample of 297 individuals (aged 15-64 years) in rural Kerala, India, who were free of hypertension at study enrolment, were(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined the factors associated with delays (i) between the onset of symptoms and the patient's first visit to a medical facility (patient delay), and (ii) between a patient's visit to a medical facility and the diagnosis of tuberculosis (health system delay). METHODS A cross-sectional survey was conducted of 323 patients (median age(More)
BACKGROUND We reviewed the literature on tobacco use in Kerala and present data from three recently conducted unpublished studies. METHODS Three cross-sectional studies were conducted; a community-based study of 1,298 individuals aged 15 years and above (mean age 37.4 years, men 630), a school-based study of 1,323 boys (mean age 14.7 years), and a(More)
BACKGROUND, Hypertension is one of the major causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension remain major challenges worldwide. In this article, we present the baseline prevalence of hypertension from an ongoing intervention program for its control in a community-based sample in Kerala, Southern(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE Several studies have shown that health professionals' advice for tobacco cessation to tobacco users enhances quit rate. Little is known about doctor's present tobacco cessation efforts in India. We examined doctors' reported inquiry into patient's use of tobacco and assessed their perceived need for training in tobacco cessation. (More)
Health indicators of Kerala State such as infant mortality rate (14/ 1000 live births) and life expectancy at birth (71 yr for men and 76 yr for women) are far ahead of the Indian averages (IMR 58, life expectancy men 62 and women 63) and closer to the developed countries. However, tobacco use prevalence is similar to the national average. Smoking is the(More)
BACKGROUND There are no recent data on prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Indians. The last community based study from Kerala, the most advanced Indian state in epidemiological transition, was in 1993 that reported 1.4% definite CAD prevalence. We studied the prevalence of CAD and its risk factors among adults in Kerala. METHODS In a(More)