Kavitha Balaji

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Stimulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) initiates RAS signaling simultaneously with EGFR internalization. Endocytosed EGFR is then either recycled or degraded. EGFR fate is determined in part by the RAS effector RIN1, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for RAB5 GTPases. EGFR degradation was slowed by RIN1 silencing, enhanced by RIN1(More)
Pathogenic microorganisms and toxins have evolved a variety of mechanisms to gain access to the host-cell cytosol and thereby exert virulent effects upon the host. One common mechanism of cellular entry requires trafficking to an acidified endosome, which promotes translocation across the host membrane. To identify small-molecule inhibitors that block this(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogenic bacterium that invades intestinal epithelial cells through a phagocytic pathway that relies on the activation of host cell RAB5 GTPases. Listeria monocytogenes must subsequently inhibit RAB5, however, in order to escape lysosome-mediated destruction. Relatively little is known about upstream RAB5 regulators(More)
Stimulation of a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK), such as EGFR, leads to RAS activation followed by RIN1 activation. RIN1, in turn, activates RAB5 family GTPases, as well as ABL tyrosine kinases. As expected, RIN1 expression directly correlates with RAB5-mediated EGFR endocytosis. We previously showed that normal receptor endocytosis and internalized EGFR(More)
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is associated with a wide range of changes in cancer cells, including stemness, chemo- and radio-resistance, and metastasis. The mechanistic role of upstream mediators of EMT has not yet been well characterized. Recently, we showed that non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) that have undergone EMT overexpress AXL, a(More)
The receptor tyrosine kinase AXL, activated by a complex interaction between its ligand growth arrest-specific protein 6 and phosphatidylserine, regulates various vital cellular processes, including proliferation, survival, motility, and immunologic response. Although not implicated as an oncogenic driver itself, AXL, a member of the TYRO3, AXL, and MERTK(More)
Cellular transformation and the accumulation of genomic instability are the two key events required for tumorigenesis. K-Ras (Kirsten-rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog) is a prominent oncogene that has been proven to drive tumorigenesis. K-Ras also modulates numerous genetic regulatory mechanisms and forms a large tumorigenesis network. In this review, we(More)
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