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BACKGROUND There are many reports of psychological morbidity in spousal carers of patients with dementia. The consequences of this increased stress on the immune system are unclear. We investigated whether antibody responses to influenza vaccination differed between carers and a control group, and the relation of the antibody response to the(More)
OBJECTIVE This investigation examined whether the immune dysregulation that characterises elderly informal caregivers (e.g., spousal caregivers of dementia patients) extends to a younger caregiver population, specifically spousal carers of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD MS spousal caregivers (n=41, mean age 43 years, 14 women, 27 men) and(More)
The present study examined how cardiovascular and salivary cortisol responses varied in response to an acute challenge in medical students under exam stress versus those not under exam stress. One hundred and twenty-nine medical students were randomly assigned to undertake a CO2 inhalation test either prior to an examination period (exam group) or during a(More)
OBJECTIVE The current review aims to synthesize existing knowledge about the relationship between psychological stress and wound healing. METHODS A systematic search strategy was conducted using electronic databases to search for published articles up to the end of October 2007. The reference lists of retrieved articles were inspected for further studies(More)
BACKGROUND When testing for prostate cancer, as many as 75% of men with a raised prostate-specific antigen (PSA) have a benign biopsy result. Little is known about the psychological effect of this result for these men. METHODS In all, 330 men participating in the prostate testing for cancer and treatment (ProtecT) study were studied; aged 50-69 years with(More)
An investigation was conducted to explore the relationship between acute changes in cortisol and memory and attention in the context of an acute naturalistic stressor, namely, examination stress. Sixty students (36 male, 24 female) participated in an assessment of self-reported levels of stress, salivary cortisol, short term memory, selective and divided(More)
Caring for the chronically ill is associated with chronic distress. In view of the adverse effects of distress on cellular immune function, such distress may have implications for health. Indeed, it has been proposed that the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is a potential psychobiological mediator of these effects. In this study, we observed that(More)
This study examined the relationship between indices of self-reported emotional distress and absolute versus change in cortisol levels. Fifty-four women attending a diagnostic breast clinic completed scales measuring stress, anxiety and depression and provided five saliva samples over the course of a single day for the measurement of cortisol. No(More)
In recent years there has been a dramatic increase in research dedicated to the psycho-behavioural modulation of immune function, i.e. the field of Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI). This has led, necessarily, to the use of several in vitro and in vivo techniques in attempts to delineate the relationship between these two phenomena. However, since the field's(More)
Sixteen final-year students and 14 nonstudents were recruited into a pilot study exploring the utility of the Merieux Multitest CMI in identifying stress-related immune impairment. The results of the investigation revealed that the examination group reported greater stress than the nonexamination group. The relationship between stress and immune impairment(More)