Kausik Sarkar

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Two nonlinear interfacial elasticity models--interfacial elasticity decreasing linearly and exponentially with area fraction--are developed for the encapsulation of contrast microbubbles. The strain softening (decreasing elasticity) results from the decreasing association between the constitutive molecules of the encapsulation. The models are used to find(More)
A quantitative model of the dynamics of an encapsulated microbubble contrast agent will be a valuable tool in contrast ultrasound (US). Such a model must have predictive ability for widely varying frequencies and pressure amplitudes. We have developed a new model for contrast agents, and successfully investigated its applicability for a wide range of(More)
Zero-thickness interface models are developed to describe the encapsulation of microbubble contrast agents. Two different rheological models of the interface, Newtonian (viscous) and viscoelastic, with rheological parameters such as surface tension, surface dilatational viscosity, and surface dilatational elasticity are presented to characterize the(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical stimulation of bone increases bone mass and fracture healing, at least in part, through increases in proliferation of osteoblasts and osteoprogenitor cells. Researchers have previously performed in vitro studies of ultrasound-induced osteoblast proliferation but mostly used fixed ultrasound settings and have reported widely varying and(More)
Gas diffusion from an encapsulated microbubble is modeled using an explicit linear relation for gas permeation through the encapsulation. Both the cases of single gas (air) and multiple gases (perfluorocarbon inside the bubble and air dissolved in surrounding liquid) are considered. An analytical expression for the dissolution time for an encapsulated air(More)
Liposomes are representative lipid nanoparticles widely used for delivering anticancer drugs, DNA fragments, or siRNA to cancer cells. Upon targeting, various internal and external triggers have been used to increase the rate for contents release from the liposomes. Among the internal triggers, decreased pH within the cellular lysosomes has been(More)
Variation of subharmonic response from contrast microbubbles with ambient pressure is numerically investigated for non-invasive monitoring of organ-level blood pressure. Previously, several contrast microbubbles both in vitro and in vivo registered approximately linear (5-15 dB) subharmonic response reduction with 188 mm Hg change in ambient pressure. In(More)
Six models of contrast microbubbles are investigated to determine the excitation threshold for subharmonic generation. The models are applied to a commercial contrast agent; its characteristic parameters according to each model are determined using experimentally measured ultrasound attenuation. In contrast to the classical perturbative result, the minimum(More)
Although liposomes are widely used as carriers of drugs and imaging agents, they suffer from a lack of stability and the slow release of the encapsulated contents at the targeted site. Polymersomes (vesicles of amphiphilic polymers) are considerably more stable compared to liposomes; however, they also demonstrate a slow release for the encapsulated(More)