Kausik Sarkar

Learn More
Zero-thickness interface models are developed to describe the encapsulation of microbubble contrast agents. Two different rheological models of the interface, Newtonian (viscous) and viscoelastic, with rheological parameters such as surface tension, surface dilatational viscosity, and surface dilatational elasticity are presented to characterize the(More)
Although liposomes are widely used as carriers of drugs and imaging agents, they suffer from a lack of stability and the slow release of the encapsulated contents at the targeted site. Polymersomes (vesicles of amphiphilic polymers) are considerably more stable compared to liposomes; however, they also demonstrate a slow release for the encapsulated(More)
Gas diffusion from an encapsulated microbubble is modeled using an explicit linear relation for gas permeation through the encapsulation. Both the cases of single gas (air) and multiple gases (perfluorocarbon inside the bubble and air dissolved in surrounding liquid) are considered. An analytical expression for the dissolution time for an encapsulated air(More)
Two nonlinear interfacial elasticity models--interfacial elasticity decreasing linearly and exponentially with area fraction--are developed for the encapsulation of contrast microbubbles. The strain softening (decreasing elasticity) results from the decreasing association between the constitutive molecules of the encapsulation. The models are used to find(More)
A quantitative model of the dynamics of an encapsulated microbubble contrast agent will be a valuable tool in contrast ultrasound (US). Such a model must have predictive ability for widely varying frequencies and pressure amplitudes. We have developed a new model for contrast agents, and successfully investigated its applicability for a wide range of(More)
The extracellular enzyme matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is overexpressed in atherosclerotic plaques and in metastatic cancers. The enzyme is responsible for rupture of the plaques and for the invasion and metastasis of a large number of cancers. The ability of ultrasonic excitation to induce thermal and mechanical effects has been used to release drugs(More)
Variation of subharmonic response from contrast microbubbles with ambient pressure is numerically investigated for non-invasive monitoring of organ-level blood pressure. Previously, several contrast microbubbles both in vitro and in vivo registered approximately linear (5-15 dB) subharmonic response reduction with 188 mm Hg change in ambient pressure. In(More)
Liposomes are representative lipid nanoparticles widely used for delivering anticancer drugs, DNA fragments, or siRNA to cancer cells. Upon targeting, various internal and external triggers have been used to increase the rate for contents release from the liposomes. Among the internal triggers, decreased pH within the cellular lysosomes has been(More)
Although lipid nanoparticles are promising drug delivery vehicles, passive release of encapsulated contents at the target site is often slow. Herein, we report contents release from targeted, polymer-coated, echogenic lipid nanoparticles in the cell cytoplasm by redox trigger and simultaneously enhanced by diagnostic frequency ultrasound. The lipid(More)
Echogenic liposomes (ELIP) are an excellent candidate for concurrent imaging and drug delivery applications. They combine the advantages of liposomes-biocompatibility and ability to encapsulate both hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs-with strong reflections of ultrasound. The objective of this study is to perform a detailed in vitro acoustic characterization(More)