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In this paper, we propose a numerical scheme which is almost second-order spatial accurate for a one-dimensional singularly perturbed parabolic convection-diffusion problem exhibiting a regular boundary layer. The proposed numerical scheme consists of classical backward-Euler method for the time discretization and a hybrid finite difference scheme for the(More)
BACKGROUND Renal insufficiency is an established risk factor in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. We sought to evaluate the relationship between renal function and outcomes after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of 622 adults who underwent 628 consecutive OHTs between 1994 and 2001 at our(More)
Stress shielding-induced bone resorption around cementless acetabular components has been indicated as a potential failure mechanism that may threaten long-term fixation. Using a bone remodelling algorithm in combination with three-dimensional finite element models of intact and implanted pelvises and musculoskeletal loading during normal walking, the(More)
Fixation of uncemented implant is influenced by peri-prosthetic bone ingrowth, which is dependent on the mechanical environment of the implant-bone structure. The objective of the study is to gain an insight into the tissue differentiation around an acetabular component. A mapping framework has been developed to simulate appropriate mechanical environment(More)
Acquired left ventricular-to-right atrial communication is encountered periodically. This condition is chiefly attributable to surgical mishaps, trauma, endocarditis, or endomyocardial biopsy. In a few instances, a Gerbode-like defect develops after the repair of an atrioventricular septal defect. Our search of the worldwide medical literature revealed just(More)
Primary chest wall tumours are very rare. Chondrosarcoma is the most common tumour arising from the chest wall. We describe the occurrence of a slow-growing chondrosarcoma arising from the anterior chest wall in a 35-year-old male patient. The tumour was resected successfully and chest wall was reconstucted with prolene mesh and muscle flap. The patient was(More)
This paper deals with the study of a post-processing technique for one-dimensional singularly perturbed parabolic convection–diffusion problems exhibiting a regular boundary layer. For discretizing the time derivative, we use the classical backward-Euler method and for the spatial discretization the simple upwind scheme is used on a piecewise-uniform(More)
As the relationship between human genes and various malfunctions and diseases becomes revealed at an ever-increasing pace, the need arises for the development of rapid genetic screening methods for diagnostic purposes. Genetic diseases show great diversity. Some are caused by a few characteristic localised mutations, while others arise from a large number(More)