Kaushik Mitra

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A large body of circumstantial evidence suggests that metabolic activation of drug candidates to chemically reactive electrophilic metabolites that are capable of covalently modifying cellular macromolecules may result in acute and/or immune system-mediated idiosyncratic toxicities in humans. Thus, minimizing the potential for metabolic activation of new(More)
Minimizing the potential for drug candidates to form chemically reactive metabolites that can covalently modify cellular macromolecules represents a rational strategy to reduce the risk of drug-induced idiosyncratic toxicity in humans. In this review, the approaches that are currently available for addressing this issue during the lead optimization phase of(More)
Spirocyclic secondary amine-derived trisubstituted ureas were identified as highly potent, bioavailable and selective soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors. Despite good oral exposure and excellent ex vivo target engagement in blood, one such compound, rac-1a, failed to lower blood pressure acutely in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). This study(More)
4-Substituted piperidine-derived trisubstituted ureas are reported as highly potent and selective inhibitors for sEH. The SAR outlines approaches to improve activity against sEH and reduce ion channel and CYP liability. With minimal off-target activity and a good PK profile, the benchmark 2d exhibited remarkable in vitro and ex vivo target engagement. The(More)
Earlier we described a novel cytochrome P450 (CYP) catalyzed metabolism of the 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine (2,2,6,6-TMPi) moiety in human liver microsomes to a ring-contracted 2,2-dimethylpyrrolidine (2,2-DMPy) [Yin, W., et al. (2003) Drug Metab. Dispos. 31, 215-223]. In the current report, evidence is provided for the involvement of 2,2,6,6-TMPi(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide donors are widely used to treat cardiovascular disease, but their major limitation is the development of tolerance, a multifactorial process to which the in vivo release of nitric oxide is thought to contribute. Here we describe the preclinical and clinical results of a translational drug development effort to create a(More)
We describe successful efforts to optimize the in vivo profile and address off-target liabilities of a series of BACE1 inhibitors represented by 6 that embodies the recently validated fused pyrrolidine iminopyrimidinone scaffold. Employing structure-based design, truncation of the cyanophenyl group of 6 that binds in the S3 pocket of BACE1 followed by(More)
Glucokinase (GK, hexokinase IV) is a unique hexokinase that plays a central role in mammalian glucose homeostasis. Glucose phosphorylation by GK in the pancreatic β-cell is the rate-limiting step that controls glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Similarly, GK-mediated glucose phosphorylation in hepatocytes plays a major role in increasing hepatic glucose(More)
The cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitor anacetrapib exhibits a long terminal half-life (t½) in humans; however, the dispositional mechanisms that lead to this long t½ are still being elucidated. As it is hypothesized that disposition into adipose tissue and binding to CETP might play a role, we sought to delineate the relative importance of(More)
Using the collective body of known (CETP) inhibitors as inspiration for design, a structurally novel series of tetrahydroquinoxaline CETP inhibitors were discovered. An exemplar from this series, compound 5, displayed potent in vitro CETP inhibition and was efficacious in a transgenic cynomologus-CETP mouse HDL PD (pharmacodynamic) assay. However, an(More)