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OBJECTIVE Body mass index (BMI) has shown moderate to strong stability through childhood into adulthood, while physical activity (PA) tracks less well. Tracking studies have often had limited follow-up lengths. The aim was to investigate BMI and PA tracking over 22 years from youth to adulthood. METHODS Subjects included 374 participants aged 7 to 18(More)
Several brief preference assessments have recently been developed to identify reinforcers for individuals with developmental disabilities. One purported advantage of brief assessments is that they can be administered frequently, thus accommodating shifts in preference and presumably enhancing reinforcement effects. In this study, we initially conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Self-rated health (SRH) is a common indicator of health-related quality of life; however, little is known about SRH in children. This study explored the associations of physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SED), and BMI with SRH in children at risk for obesity. METHODS Participants were 527 children aged 8-10 years in the Quebec Adipose(More)
BACKGROUND Bariatric surgery patients often exhibit low levels of physical activity (PA), despite the presumed importance of PA as an adjunct to surgery for successful weight loss. Little is known regarding the associations of PA and sedentary behaviors to weight loss outcomes in the long term following surgery. The objective of the study was to assess the(More)
PURPOSE Physical activity (PA) positively influences health-related quality of life (HRQL), whereas obesity is associated with significant HRQL impairments. Active-obese persons often have similar or lower risk of cardiovascular outcomes and mortality than inactive-healthy weight persons; however, the combined PA-weight status effects on HRQL are unclear.(More)
We evaluated the effects of a dense (fixed-ratio 1) schedule of reinforcement for an 11-year-old boy's mands for toys while aggression produced the same toys on various schedules chosen on the basis of a progressive-ratio probe. Based on the probe session data, we accurately predicted that aggression would be more probable than mands when the schedules were(More)
PURPOSE Obesity is associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQL). As perceived constructs, self-rated health (SRH) and general life satisfaction (LS) might be more strongly related to perceived weight status than actual weight status. The aim was to assess agreement between perceived weight status and self-reported body mass index (BMI),(More)
A brief negative-reinforcement assessment was conducted with developmentally disabled children with severe destructive behavior. Five children were trained to engage in a simple escape response (e.g., a hand clap). Then each child was presented with a variety of stimuli or tasks that ranged on a scale from preferred to nonpreferred, based on parent ranking.(More)
OBJECTIVES Sedentary behavior (SB) is distinct from physical inactivity. Children's guidelines recommend ≤2h/day screen time and ≥60min/day moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). This study describes SB in children at elevated risk of obesity, including the possibility of high SB in otherwise active children. METHODS Participants were 534 children(More)
PURPOSE Body mass index (BMI) and physical activity (PA) affect health-related quality of life (HRQL); however, the long-term impact of youth BMI and PA on adult HRQL is unknown. We investigated the relationship of youth BMI and PA to adult HRQL 22 years later. METHODS Subjects included 310 participants aged 7 to 18 in the 1981 Canada Fitness Survey,(More)