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BACKGROUND Chronic myeloid leukemia is characterized by a reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22, creating the fusion gene BCR-ABL. The clinical significance of the type of BCR-ABL transcript in newly diagnosed patients in chronic phase treated with imatinib 400 mg from initial diagnosis remains unknown. DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed the(More)
BCR-ABL kinase mutations may confer resistance to imatinib in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), and may predict a poor outcome. We investigated whether rises in BCR-ABL transcript levels predicted mutation development in 82 CML patients receiving imatinib. Eleven mutations were detected in 10 patients. A single 2-fold or greater rise in BCR-ABL(More)
In vitro studies have suggested that imatinib may be toxic to cardiac myocytes. Though retrospective studies have not shown clinical heart failure, these did not look for subtle cardiac damage. We have carried out a prospective cardiac assessment in 59 chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients treated with imatinib for a median of 3.4 years, using(More)
Imatinib has become first-line therapy in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), but recent studies suggest that more than one-third of patients fail imatinib over 2–3 years. (de Lavallade et al, 2008; Lucas et al, 2008) It would be clinically helpful to prospectively identify patients unlikely to achieve a complete cytogenetic response (CCRe) following imatinib(More)
Peptides from the e14a2 BCR-ABL junction will elicit T-cell responses in vitro. Here, 19 imatinib treated CML patients in first chronic phase were vaccinated with BCR-ABL peptides spanning the e14a2 fusion junction, some of which were linked to the pan DR epitope PADRE to augment CD4+ T cell help. Six vaccinations were given over 9 weeks, together with(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the impact of the prototype prolapse mesh Gynemesh PS with that of two new-generation lower stiffness meshes, UltraPro and SmartMesh, on vaginal morphology and structural composition. DESIGN A mechanistic study employing a nonhuman primate model. SETTING Magee-Womens Research Institute at the University of Pittsburgh. POPULATION(More)
There is a divergence of opinion concerning the cricopharyngeal muscle defect commonly seen in the pharyngoesophageal area on barium esophagram. Some observers believe this defect is the result of neuromuscular dysfunction with the demonstration of the unrelaxed muscle bundle; however, others believe it is the result of actual hypertrophy of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinical presentation of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) requires not only the deregulated tyrosine kinase BCR-ABL, but also the failure of an immune response against BCR-ABL-expressing cells. T-cell responses against BCR-ABL and other antigens are well-described, but their relevance to the in vivo control of CML is unclear. The suppressive role of(More)
We and others have reported that vaccination of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients with e14a2 BCR-ABL junctional peptides can elicit moderate but transient T cell responses. To determine whether CML patients may be tolerised to BCR-ABL, here we used the same schedule to vaccinate 5 healthy subjects. Although IFN-γ and granzyme-B production, and(More)