In an experiment spanning a week, American English speakers imitated a Glaswegian (Scottish) English speaker. The target sounds were allophones of /t/ and /r/, as the Glaswegian speaker aspirated word-medial /t/ but pronounced /r/ as a flap initially and medially. This experiment therefore explored (a) whether speakers could learn to reassign a sound they… (More)
Words, like musical notes, are grouped together into phrases by their rhythmic and durational properties as well as their tonal pitch. This 'prosodic phrasing' affects the understanding of sentences. Many processing studies of prosody have investigated sentences with a single, grammatically required prosodic boundary, which might be interpreted strictly… (More)
(1997) has led to a similar analysis of Nakanai reduplication in the context of his dissertation 1 on languages with multiple reduplication patterns.
Thanks also to Armin Mester for his long-ago reactions to a draft of another paper that contained some of this material, to Alan Prince for many helpful remarks along the way, and especially to Laura Benua for extensive discussion of the theory and its applications. Faithfulness constraints have been an essential part of Optimality Theory since its… (More)