Katy A Garant

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Oviparously developing embryos of the crustacean Artemia franciscana encyst and enter diapause, exhibiting a level of stress tolerance seldom seen in metazoans. The extraordinary stress resistance of encysted Artemia embryos is thought to depend in part on the regulated synthesis of artemin, a ferritin superfamily member. The objective of this study was to(More)
Reovirus is the first naturally occurring human virus reported to exploit activated Ras signaling in the host cell for infection, and is currently undergoing clinical trials as a cancer therapeutic. Recent evidence suggests that Ras transformation promotes three reoviral replication steps during the first round of infection: uncoating of the incoming(More)
BACKGROUND Although the naturally occurring reovirus causes only mild symptoms in humans, it shows considerable potential as an oncolytic agent because of its innate ability to target cancer cells. In immunocompromised hosts, however, wild-type reovirus can target healthy tissues, including heart, liver, pancreas and neural structures. METHODS We(More)
Recently reovirus-based oncotherapy has been successfully implemented for the treatment of prostate cancer. In this report, we show that apart from its primary direct cancer-killing activity, reovirus oncotherapy overrides tumor-associated immune evasion strategies and confers protective antiprostate cancer immunity. Prostate cancer represents an ideal(More)
Reovirus is a naturally oncolytic virus that preferentially replicates in Ras-transformed cells and is currently undergoing clinical trials as a cancer therapeutic. Ras transformation promotes reovirus oncolysis by enhancing virion disassembly during entry, viral progeny production, and virus release through apoptosis; however, the mechanism behind the(More)
The link between oncogenic RAS expression and the acquisition of the invasive phenotype has been attributed to alterations in cellular activities that control degradation of the extracellular matrix. Oncogenic RAS-mediated upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2), MMP-9 and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is critical for invasion(More)
Tubulin is a heterodimeric protein composed of alpha- and beta-tubulin. In most organisms, they are encoded by multiple gene families whose members are subject to differential regulation. The objective of the work described herein was to better understand tubulin gene expression in the extremophile Artemia franciscana To this end tubulin cDNAs were cloned(More)
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