Katuya Kishikawa

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ONO-4057(5-[2-(2-Carboxyethyl)-3-[6-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5E- hexenyl]oxyphenoxy]valeric acid), an orally active leukotriene B4(LTB4) antagonist, displaced the binding of [3H] LTB4 to the LTB4 receptor in human neutrophil (Ki = 3.7 +/- 0.9 nM). ONO-4057 inhibited the LTB4-induced rise in cytosolic free calcium (the concentration causing 50% inhibition (IC50) =(More)
Generation of hydroxyl radicals by the Fenton reaction resulted in lipid peroxidation of linoleic acid (LA) (H2O2-Fe2+-induced lipid peroxidation) in positively charged tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB) micelles, but not in negatively charged sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles. However, more OH radicals formed via the Fenton reaction were(More)
Based on the successful results in the clinical trial of Ariflo, further optimization of the spatial arrangement of the three pharmacophores (carboxylic acid moiety, nitrile moiety and 3-cyclopentyl-4-methoxyphenyl moiety) in the structure of Ariflo 1 was attempted using a bicyclo[3.3.0]octane template instead of a cyclohexane template. As a result, 2a, 7a(More)
The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of new phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitors, which possess new templates instead of a cyclohexane ring, are described. The mode of interaction with the enzyme is discussed based on the structure-activity relationship (SAR) data obtained for the synthesized inhibitors. Furthermore, the roles of three(More)
Based on the promising results obtained by the clinical trial of Ariflo, further optimization of the spatial arrangement of the three pharmacophores (the carboxylic acid moiety, nitrile moiety and 3-cyclopentyloxy-4-methoxyphenyl moiety) in the structure of Ariflo 1 was attempted using a bicyclo[3 ?3 ?0]octane template with more stereochemical diversity(More)
Based on the hypothesis that the dose-limiting side effects of PDE4 inhibitors could be mediated via the central nervous system (CNS), design and synthesis of a hydrophilic analogue is considered to be one approach to improving the side-effect profile of Ariflo 1. Water-soluble piperidine derivatives were found to possess therapeutic potential.
A series of 4-anilinopyrazolopyridine derivatives were synthesized and biologically evaluated as inhibitors of phosphodiesterase (PDE4). Chemical modification of 3, a structurally new chemical lead that was found in our in-house library, was focused on 1- and 3-substituents. Full details of the discovery of a new orally active chemical lead 5 are presented.(More)
alpha-Tocopherol inhibited H2O2-Fe2+-induced lipid peroxidation of linoleic acid (LA) by scavenging OH radicals in tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB) micelles. The inhibiting ability of alpha-tocopherol was much greater than that of OH-radical scavengers mannitol and t-butanol. In contrast, alpha-tocopherol enhanced linoleic acid hydroperoxide(More)