Katsuyuki Yui

Learn More
Polarization of macrophages to M1 or M2 cells is important for mounting responses against bacterial and helminth infections, respectively. Jumonji domain containing-3 (Jmjd3), a histone 3 Lys27 (H3K27) demethylase, has been implicated in the activation of macrophages. Here we show that Jmjd3 is essential for M2 macrophage polarization in response to(More)
IFN regulatory factors (IRFs) are a family of transcription factors that play an essential role in the homeostasis and function of immune systems. Recent studies indicated that IRF-8 is critical for the development of CD11b(low)CD8alpha(+) conventional dendritic cells (DCs) and plasmacytoid DCs. Here we show that IRF-4 is important for(More)
The recognition of microbial components by Toll-like receptors (TLRs) is an event central to the activation of innate and adaptive immune systems. TLR activation triggers the induction of downstream target genes, wherein the TLR-interacting adaptor molecule MyD88 recruits various signaling molecules and transcription factors. Two members of the IFN(More)
A member of the IFN regulatory factor (IRF) family of transcription factors, IRF-4 is expressed in lymphocytes and macrophage/dendritic cells. Studies using IRF-4-deficient mice have revealed the critical roles of IRF-4 in lymphocyte responses. However, the role of IRF-4 in innate immune responses is not clearly understood. Here, we demonstrate that IRF-4(More)
IL-9 is a pleiotropic cytokine that can regulate autoimmune and allergic responses. Th9 cells can develop from naive T cells or Th2 cells through stimulation by TGF-β in vitro. In this study, we demonstrated that Smad2 and Smad3 are necessary for IL-9 production from T cells in an OVA-induced asthma model using T cell-specific Smad2- and Smad3-deficient(More)
Two members of the proteasome activator, PA28alpha and PA28beta, form a heteropolymer that binds to both ends of the 20S proteasome. Evidence in vitro indicates that this interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-inducible heteropolymer is involved in the processing of intracellular antigens, but its functions in vivo remain elusive. To investigate the role of(More)
IFN-regulatory factor (IRF)-4 is a member of the IRF family of transcription factors expressed in lymphocytes and macrophages. The previous studies using mice deficient in the IRF-4 gene showed profound defects in function of both B and T cells. To further investigate the role of IRF-4 in CD4(+) T cell function, IRF-4(-/-) mice were challenged with the(More)
Dengue virus (DENV) causes fever and severe haemorrhagic symptoms in humans. The DEN2 16681 strain, derived from a dengue haemorrhagic fever patient, has been widely used in studies related to DENV pathogenesis, such as mouse and non-human primate haemorrhagic models and human vascular endothelial-cell permeability. To clarify the entry mechanism of the(More)
Cerebral malaria is one of the severe complications of Plasmodium falciparum infection. Studies using a rodent model of Plasmodium berghei ANKA infection established that CD8(+) T cells are involved in the pathogenesis of cerebral malaria. However, it is unclear whether and how Plasmodium-specific CD8(+) T cells can be activated during the erythrocyte stage(More)
IL-10 is a multifunctional cytokine that plays a critical role in maintaining the balance between immunity and tolerance. Previously, we identified proximal regulatory elements and alterations of chromatin structure in the IL-10 gene loci of Th1 and Th2 cells. We have now characterized a crucial cis-regulatory element, CNS-9, located 9kb upstream of the(More)