Katsuyuki Tamai

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The inhibitors of apoptosis (IAPs) suppress apoptosis through the inhibition of the caspase cascade and thus are key proteins in the control of cell death. Here we have isolated the protein XIAP-associated factor 1 (XAF1) on the basis of its ability to bind XIAP, a member of the IAP family. XIAP suppresses caspase activation and cell death in vitro, and(More)
The spinal muscular atrophies (SMAs), characterized by spinal cord motor neuron depletion, are among the most common autosomal recessive disorders. One model of SMA pathogenesis invokes an inappropriate persistence of normally occurring motor neuron apoptosis. Consistent with this hypothesis, the novel gene for neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein (NAIP)(More)
Through direct cloning of p53 binding sequences from human genomic DNA, we have isolated a novel gene, designated p53AIP1 (p53-regulated Apoptosis-Inducing Protein 1), whose expression is inducible by wild-type p53. Ectopically expressed p53AIP1, which is localized within mitochondria, leads to apoptotic cell death through dissipation of mitochondrial(More)
In the course of gene array studies aimed at identifying IFN-stimulated genes associated with interferon beta (IFN-beta)-induced apoptosis, we identified X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis-associated factor-1 (XAF1) as a novel IFN-stimulated gene. XAF1 mRNA was up-regulated by IFN-alpha and IFN-beta in all cells examined. However, IFNs induced high levels of(More)
DNA double-strand breaks represent the most potentially serious damage to a genome; hence, many repair proteins are recruited to nuclear damage sites by as yet poorly characterized sensor mechanisms. Here, we show that NBS1, the gene product defective in Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS), physically interacts with histone, rather than damaged DNA, by direct(More)
Cdc7 kinase, conserved from yeasts to human, plays important roles in DNA replication. However, the mechanisms by which it stimulates initiation of DNA replication remain largely unclear. We have analyzed phosphorylation of MCM subunits during cell cycle by examining mobility shift on SDS-PAGE. MCM4 on the chromatin undergoes specific phosphorylation during(More)
STK15/Aurora-A is a serine/threonine kinase essential for chromosome segregation and cytokinesis, and is considered to be a cancer susceptibility gene in mice and humans. Two coding single nucleotide polymorphisms in Aurora-A, 91T>A [phenylalanine/isoleucine (F/I)] and 169G>A [valine/isoleucine (V/I)], create four haplotypes, 91T-169G, 91A-169G, 91T-169A,(More)
Human Lats2, a novel serine/threonine kinase, is a member of the Lats kinase family that includes the Drosophila tumour suppressor lats/warts. Lats1, a counterpart of Lats2, is phosphorylated in mitosis and localized to the mitotic apparatus. However, the regulation, function and intracellular distribution of Lats2 remain unclear. Here, we show that Lats2(More)
Human telomerase is expressed in germ tissues and in the majority of primary tumors. Cell renewal tissues and some pre-cancerous tissues also have weak telomerase activity. Yet, neither the exact location and frequency of telomerase-positive cells nor the changes in telomerase expression during differentiation or carcinogenesis of individual cells are(More)
ATM and rad3-related protein kinase (ATR), a member of the phosphoinositide kinase-like protein kinase family, plays a critical role in cellular responses to DNA structural abnormalities in conjunction with its interacting protein, ATRIP. Here, we show that the amino-terminal portion of ATRIP is relocalized to DNA damage-induced nuclear foci in an(More)