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PURPOSE In this study, we developed a system to calculate three dimensional (3D) dose that reflects dosimetric error caused by leaf miscalibration for head and neck and prostate volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) without additional treatment planning system calculation on real time. METHODS An original system called clarkson dose calculation based(More)
PURPOSE A successful VMAT plan delivery includes precise modulations of dose rate, gantry rotational and multi-leaf collimator (MLC) shapes. One of the main problem in the plan quality assurance is dosimetric errors associated with leaf-positional errors are difficult to analyze because they vary with MU delivered and leaf number. In this study, we(More)
Ultra-shallow P<sup>+</sup>/N junctions were formed by boron doping using plasma doping method combined with activation annealing using spike-RTA, flash lamp annealing or laser annealing. The junctions formed with flash lamp annealing or laser annealing were promising and superior to those formed by conventional low energy ion implantation method from the(More)
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