Learn More
We examined the association of serum uric acid (SUA) with development of hypertension (blood pressure > or = 140/90 mmHg and/or medication for hypertension) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) (a fasting plasma glucose level 6.1-6.9 mmol/l) or Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes (a fasting plasma glucose level > or = 7.0 mmol/l and/or medication for(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between duration of overtime and the development of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS A cohort of 1266 Japanese male office workers aged 35-59 years and free of IFG (fasting plasma glucose concentration 6.1-6.9 mmol/l), type 2 DM (fasting plasma glucose concentration of 7.0(More)
Medical malpractice claims and dispute resolution systems have been examined in Western societies for their impact on the quality of care and efficient compensation for injured patients. However, little is known about the Japanese malpractice environment because claim information has been closely guarded. Based on data from the Japanese Supreme Court, the(More)
A large outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 infections via school lunches occurred at primary schools in 1996 in Sakai City, Japan. As many as 10,000 patients suffered from diarrhoea, haemorrhagic colitis and haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS). Using data on 288 inpatient school children affected by this outbreak, of whom 36 presented complete HUS and the(More)
The association of cigarette smoking with development of hearing impairment (loss of 30 dB at 1000 Hz and 40 dB at 4000 Hz) over a 5-year follow-up was studied in 1554 non-hearing-impaired Japanese male office workers who ranged in age from 30 to 59 years. After controlling for potential predictors of hearing impairment, the relative risk for low-frequency(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and risk for development of diabetes. DESIGN Longitudinal study (followed from 1994 to 2001). SETTING A work site in Japan. SUBJECTS A total of 2918 Japanese male office workers aged 35-59 years who did not have impaired fasting glucose (IFG) (a fasting plasma(More)
In this study, trends in hospital use were identified in Japanese cities. Data for all inpatient care in May 1985 (9,555 patients) and in May 1988 (11,205 patients) paid for by National Health Insurance in 12 cities in Osaka Prefecture were analyzed. The main factor affecting differences in inpatient days per insured person of all ages (hospital use) among(More)
Public health nurses visited and followed up for more than one year 438 patients with Parkinson's disease living in Osaka. The follow-up period averaged 4.1 years, during which 71 deaths were observed. The patients were classified according to the degree of physical exercise they performed, and the ratios of observed to expected deaths were calculated. The(More)
BACKGROUND The contribution of cigarette smoking to development of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes remains unclear. OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of cigarette smoking with development of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Work site in Osaka, Japan. PARTICIPANTS 1,266(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association of long working hours with the risk for hypertension. DESIGN A five year prospective cohort study. SETTING Work site in Osaka, Japan. PARTICIPANTS 941 hypertension free Japanese male white collar workers aged 35-54 years were prospectively examined by serial annual health examinations. Men in whom borderline(More)