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An electrochromic-type electronic paper was prepared using nanocomposites that consisted of silica nanoparticles (silica 60 wt %) and polyamide pulp. Its light scattering, ion transport, and aqueous electrolyte retention characteristics were examined. As a result, the shape of the nanocomposites was completely self-standing, though it could be impregnated(More)
Cobalt compound nanowires were dispersed in a transparent nonconductive polymer film by merely stirring, and the film's transparency and electrical conductivity were examined. This composite film is a unique system in which the average length of the nanowires exceeds the film's thickness. Even in such a system, a percolation threshold existed for the(More)
Photoelectrochemical cells based on oxotitanylphthalocyanine (TiOPc) films and an I(3)(-)/I(-) redox couple have been constructed. The TiOPc films were prepared on an indium-tin oxide coated glass plate (ITO) by the micellar disruption method and characterized by their unique nanoporous structure. A photocurrent action spectrum for input radiation directed(More)
The preparation and characterization of conducting polycarbazole (PCz) hybrid films with a colorless transparency are described. They were prepared by the vacuum evaporation of tin, aluminum, or gallium onto anion-doped green-colored PCz films, or by applying gallium to the films, followed by their exposure to ambient air. The resultant hybrid films(More)
The facile synthesis of an organic electric conducting nanowire is described. The simple oxidation of 9-methylcarbazole by iron(III) perchlorate in a methanol/acetonitrile mixture under atmospheric pressure and temperature produces abundant nanowires without using a template. The nanowire consists of 9,9'-dimethyl-3,3'-dicarbazyl and has a rectangular(More)
The triboelectrification behavior of polymer films when in contact with iron carrier beads was investigated using a homemade special instrument which can control relative humidity under a nitrogen atmosphere. The films showed a large humidity-dependent charging behavior; the charge amount increases with the ambient humidity in the range of a few percent RH(More)