Katsuyasu Suwa

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The bispectral index (BIS) is derived empirically from the electroencephalogram database of patients receiving common anaesthetics, but it may not be valid for uncommon agents. Therefore, we investigated how xenon affects the BIS. Nine and 11 patients were anaesthetized with 0.8 of the minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane (0.92%) and xenon(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome, with a special reference to recurrence and postoperative chronic pain, of the modified Kugel herniorrhaphy (MKH) using standardized dissection of the preperitoneal space. Operative results were examined based on medical records and questionnaire surveys in 340 consecutive cases of MKH performed at a single(More)
The blood-gas partition coefficients of xenon, reported more than 25 yr ago in the literature, vary considerably from 0.13 to 0.20. Consequently, we have determined this variable by directly injecting xenon-saturated blood into a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer. This technique yielded a blood-gas partition coefficient for xenon of 0.115 (95% confidence(More)
BACKGROUND The minimum alveolar concentration (MAC)-awake is a traditional index of hypnotic potency of an inhalational anesthetic. The MAC-awake of xenon, an inert gas with anesthetic properties (MAC = 71%), has not been determined. It is also unknown how xenon interacts with isoflurane or sevoflurane on the MAC-awake. METHODS In the first part of the(More)
Vasomotor waves (VMW) were observed in nine cardiac patients during cardiopulmonary bypass. The period and amplitude of the waves were described together with their consistency and other pertinent data. Effects of several pharmacologic agents on these waves were tested. These VMW are likely to be caused by spontaneous oscillation of presso-regulatory(More)
BACKGROUND In planning surgery, a low-dose aspirin regimen for prevention of thrombotic events is often discontinued in order to avoid the risk of excessive bleeding during surgery. However, this procedure increases the risk from adverse thrombotic events. We propose a different method, which may normalize the prolonged bleeding time caused by low-dose(More)
The autonomic nervous effects of toluene remain less clear. To clarify this neurotoxicity, ten rotogravure printers and the same number of age-matched unexposed controls were examined, by using the coefficient of variation in electrocardiographic R-R intervals (CVRR), the distribution of nerve conduction velocities (DCV) and the maximal motor and sensory(More)
The extent to which respiratory muscles are exerted during partially supported ventilation is difficult to differentiate, because these muscles and the ventilator work simultaneously to produce ventilation. We have developed a new method for determining the pressure developed by the respiratory muscles in partially supported ventilation. In seven patients(More)