Katsuya Uchida

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The crystal structure of a pepstatin-insensitive carboxyl proteinase from Pseudomonas sp. 101 (PSCP) has been solved by single-wavelength anomalous diffraction using the absorption peak of bromide anions. Structures of the uninhibited enzyme and of complexes with an inhibitor that was either covalently or noncovalently bound were refined at 1.0-1.4 A(More)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and vasopressin (AVP) colocalize in the parvocellular division of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN). We examined the effect of forced swim-stress on the CRH and AVP primary transcript (hnRNA) levels in the rat PVN by semi-quantitative in situ hybridization. CRH hnRNA increased markedly following(More)
Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of adult rodents is elicited by transient global ischemia. Cyclooxygenase (COX) -2, a rate-limiting enzyme for prostanoid synthesis, is also induced by ischemia. We recently found that the administration of a non-selective COX inhibitor to ischemic animals suppressed cell proliferation in the subgranular zone (SGZ) at the(More)
Triiodothyronine (T3) regulates neuronal development, and T3 deficiency impairs the formation of the central nervous system during childhood. Here, we used the hypothyroidal growth-retarded (grt) mouse to investigate whether the generation of new neurons is affected by T3 deficiency. Cell proliferation in the hippocampus, as measured by(More)
Crystal structures of the serine-carboxyl proteinase from Pseudomonas sp. 101 (PSCP), complexed with a number of inhibitors, have been solved and refined at high- to atomic-level resolution. All of these inhibitors (tyrostatin, pseudo-tyrostatin, AcIPF, AcIAF, and chymostatin, as well as previously studied iodotyrostatin and pseudo-iodotyrostatin) make(More)
The noradrenergic (NA) neurons in the locus ceruleus (LC) were ablated with a high degree of selectivity by immunotoxin-mediated neuronal targeting. Transgenic mice were used in which the human interleukin-2 receptor-α subunit (hIL-2Rα; Tac) is expressed under the promoter of dopamine β-hydroxylase. The recombinant immunotoxin, which is composed of the Fv(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is the key regulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. CRF neurons cannot be distinguished morphologically from other neuroendocrine neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVH) without immunostaining. Thus, we generated a knock-in mouse that expresses modified yellow fluorescent protein(More)
The yellow luminescence of n-type GaN has been studied with selective excitation using a combination of Ar>-ion and dye lasers. Narrower structures whose peak energies follow the excitation photon energy over the width of the yellow luminescence have been observed. Unlike the yellow luminescence excited by the above band gap excitations, these "ne(More)
Thyroid hormone (TH) plays an important role in brain development, and TH deficiency during pregnancy or early postnatal periods leads to neurological disorders such as cretinism. Hypothyroidism reduces the number of parvalbumin (PV)-positive interneurons in the neocortex and hippocampus. Here we used a mouse strain (growth-retarded; grt) that shows growth(More)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulates the synthesis and release of thyroid hormones including triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Semiquantitative analyses using northern blot and in situ hybridization suggested that TSH gene transcription is upregulated under conditions of hypothyroidism. However, no quantitative analysis of TSH gene(More)