Katsuya Uchida

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Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and vasopressin (AVP) colocalize in the parvocellular division of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN). We examined the effect of forced swim-stress on the CRH and AVP primary transcript (hnRNA) levels in the rat PVN by semi-quantitative in situ hybridization. CRH hnRNA increased markedly following(More)
Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of adult rodents is elicited by transient global ischemia. Cyclooxygenase (COX) -2, a rate-limiting enzyme for prostanoid synthesis, is also induced by ischemia. We recently found that the administration of a non-selective COX inhibitor to ischemic animals suppressed cell proliferation in the subgranular zone (SGZ) at the(More)
The alternatively spliced isoform of the nonmuscle myosin II heavy chain B (MHC-B) with an insert of 21 amino acids at the 50- to 20-kDa junction of the globular region of myosin has been demonstrated to be expressed specifically in the central nervous system (CNS) in chicken. To explore the role of this B2 inserted isoform (MHC-B(B2)), immunoblot and(More)
Triiodothyronine (T3) regulates neuronal development, and T3 deficiency impairs the formation of the central nervous system during childhood. Here, we used the hypothyroidal growth-retarded (grt) mouse to investigate whether the generation of new neurons is affected by T3 deficiency. Cell proliferation in the hippocampus, as measured by(More)
The shift of chloride cell distribution was investigated during early life stages of seawater-adapted killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus). Chloride cells were detected by immunocytochemistry with an an-tiserum specific for Na(+), K(+)-ATPase in whole-mount preparations and paraffin sections. Chloride cells first appeared in the yolk-sac membrane in the early(More)
To clarify the roles of prolactin (PRL) and GH in the control of the immune system, the effects of environmental salinity, hypophysectomy, and PRL and GH administration on several immune functions were examined in tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Transfer from fresh water (FW) to seawater (SW) did not alter plasma levels of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and(More)
Transient global ischemia causes neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of adult rodents. Ischemic insults to rodents also induce cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an isoform of cyclooxygenases (COXs) and a rate-limiting enzyme for prostanoid synthesis. In the present experiments, adult Mongolian gerbils were chronically treated with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), a(More)
The noradrenergic (NA) neurons in the locus ceruleus (LC) were ablated with a high degree of selectivity by immunotoxin-mediated neuronal targeting. Transgenic mice were used in which the human interleukin-2 receptor-α subunit (hIL-2Rα; Tac) is expressed under the promoter of dopamine β-hydroxylase. The recombinant immunotoxin, which is composed of the Fv(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is the key regulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. CRF neurons cannot be distinguished morphologically from other neuroendocrine neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVH) without immunostaining. Thus, we generated a knock-in mouse that expresses modified yellow fluorescent protein(More)
Thyroid hormone (TH) plays an important role in brain development, and TH deficiency during pregnancy or early postnatal periods leads to neurological disorders such as cretinism. Hypothyroidism reduces the number of parvalbumin (PV)-positive interneurons in the neocortex and hippocampus. Here we used a mouse strain (growth-retarded; grt) that shows growth(More)