Katsuya Uchida

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Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and vasopressin (AVP) colocalize in the parvocellular division of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN). We examined the effect of forced swim-stress on the CRH and AVP primary transcript (hnRNA) levels in the rat PVN by semi-quantitative in situ hybridization. CRH hnRNA increased markedly following(More)
Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of adult rodents is elicited by transient global ischemia. Cyclooxygenase (COX) -2, a rate-limiting enzyme for prostanoid synthesis, is also induced by ischemia. We recently found that the administration of a non-selective COX inhibitor to ischemic animals suppressed cell proliferation in the subgranular zone (SGZ) at the(More)
The unique reproductive patterns, delayed fertilization in females, and asynchrony between spermatogenesis and mating behavior in males are well documented in bats living in temperate latitudes. The present study was undertaken to examine follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) receptors in the testis of bats, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, during the annual(More)
Triiodothyronine (T3) regulates neuronal development, and T3 deficiency impairs the formation of the central nervous system during childhood. Here, we used the hypothyroidal growth-retarded (grt) mouse to investigate whether the generation of new neurons is affected by T3 deficiency. Cell proliferation in the hippocampus, as measured by(More)
Recombinant retroviruses containing the cDNA for human tyrosine hydroxylase-1 and Escherichia coli lacZ gene were used to infect primary foetal ventral mesencephalon and cortical cultures from rat brain. Severe neuronal toxicity resulted 3-4 days after infection, glial cells seemed to be much more resistant. The toxicity was likely to have resulted from an(More)
The noradrenergic (NA) neurons in the locus ceruleus (LC) were ablated with a high degree of selectivity by immunotoxin-mediated neuronal targeting. Transgenic mice were used in which the human interleukin-2 receptor-α subunit (hIL-2Rα; Tac) is expressed under the promoter of dopamine β-hydroxylase. The recombinant immunotoxin, which is composed of the Fv(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is the key regulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. CRF neurons cannot be distinguished morphologically from other neuroendocrine neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVH) without immunostaining. Thus, we generated a knock-in mouse that expresses modified yellow fluorescent protein(More)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulates the synthesis and release of thyroid hormones including triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Semiquantitative analyses using northern blot and in situ hybridization suggested that TSH gene transcription is upregulated under conditions of hypothyroidism. However, no quantitative analysis of TSH gene(More)
Thyroid hormone (TH) plays an important role in brain development, and TH deficiency during pregnancy or early postnatal periods leads to neurological disorders such as cretinism. Hypothyroidism reduces the number of parvalbumin (PV)-positive interneurons in the neocortex and hippocampus. Here we used a mouse strain (growth-retarded; grt) that shows growth(More)